430 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unbiased identification of novel transcription factors in striatal compartmentation and striosome maturation

    Maria-Daniela Cirnaru et al.
    RNAseq and ATACseq are utilized to identify transcription factors participating in striatal compartmentation into striosome and matrix, and roles for Stat1, Olig2, and Foxf2 are validated in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Autonomous clocks that regulate organelle biogenesis, cytoskeletal organization, and intracellular dynamics

    Mohammad Mofatteh et al.
    Latest advances in biological timing studies substantiate an emerging concept of autonomous clocks that are normally entrained by the cell cycle and/or the circadian clock to run in synchrony, but have evolved to run independently to regulate different cellular events.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maturation of Purkinje cell firing properties relies on neurogenesis of excitatory neurons

    Meike E van der Heijden et al.
    Intersectional genetics show that excitatory neurons are essential for the functional and anatomical maturation of cerebellar circuits in mice.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Spinal lumbar dI2 interneurons contribute to stability of bipedal stepping

    Baruch Haimson et al.
    Spinal dI2 interneurons relay peripheral and intraspinal feedback to premotor networks in the spinal cord and the cerebellum to ensure the stability of bipedal stepping.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis of the ventricular-subventricular zone reveals signatures of dorsal and ventral adult neurogenesis

    Arantxa Cebrian-Silla et al.
    Adult neural stem cells differ in the types of neurons they generate according to their location and new territories and genes associated with dorsal and ventral neurogenic lineages in the adult mouse brain are revealed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The amyloid precursor protein is a conserved Wnt receptor

    Tengyuan Liu et al.
    The amyloid precursor protein known for its role in causing familial Alzheimer's disease directly interacts with secreted proteins, called Wnts, known for their key roles in brain development and homeostasis, suggesting the two processes may be directly linked.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Subventricular zone/white matter microglia reconstitute the empty adult microglial niche in a dynamic wave

    Lindsay A Hohsfield et al.
    In an empty microglial niche, repopulating microglia arise from subventricular zone and white matter-associated areas without contributions from the bone marrow to fill the mouse brain via a spreading wave.

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