2,829 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    From single neurons to behavior in the jellyfish Aurelia aurita

    Fabian Pallasdies et al.
    A multiscale computational nerve net model describes how the activity of individual neurons controls the swimming motion of a jellyfish in its hydrodynamic environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neuronal networks coordinate Hydra mechanosensory behavior

    Krishna N Badhiwala et al.
    Despite lacking traditional ganglia or centralization, the Hydra nervous system computes sensorimotor responses via localized neuron ensembles.
    1. Medicine

    Parathyroid hormone attenuates osteoarthritis pain by remodeling subchondral bone in mice

    Qi Sun et al.
    Parathyroid hormone attenuates osteoarthritis pain and joint degeneration by modification of subchondral bone remodeling and could be a potential disease-modifying therapy for osteoarthritis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped transcriptomic transformation of somatosensory neurons in response to injury

    Minh Q Nguyen et al.
    Peripheral injury induces a programmed but reversible transformation of gene expression in somatosensory neurons providing a mechanism to regulate sensory input during wound healing.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tenectin recruits integrin to stabilize bouton architecture and regulate vesicle release at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction

    Qi Wang et al.
    Characterization of Tnc as a selective integrin ligand at the Drosophila NMJ allows for unprecedented insights into our understanding of extracellular matrix/integrin interactions at synaptic locations and reveals novel, distinct presynaptic and postsynaptic integrin functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subset of ipRGCs regulates both maturation of the circadian clock and segregation of retinogeniculate projections in mice

    Kylie S Chew et al.
    A single subpopulation of photoreceptors constitutes a shared node in the neural networks that regulate light-dependent maturation of the circadian clock and light-independent refinement of retinal ganglion cell projections to the brain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    First quantitative high-throughput screen in zebrafish identifies novel pathways for increasing pancreatic β-cell mass

    Guangliang Wang et al.
    A novel high-throughput, whole organism chemical screening platform was used to identify existing drugs that increase pancreatic beta-cell mass in zebrafish, implicating unique roles for the NF-κB and serotonergic signaling pathways in regulating pancreatic biology.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Glide/Gcm fate determinant controls initiation of collective cell migration by regulating Frazzled

    Tripti Gupta et al.
    The role of the Frazzled chemoattractant receptor is to triggers migration initiation as part of the glial developmental program induced by the Glide/Gcm transcription factor.
    1. Neuroscience

    CELF RNA binding proteins promote axon regeneration in C. elegans and mammals through alternative splicing of Syntaxins

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Genetics and genomics approaches reveal a conserved post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism that promotes adult axon regeneration from worm to mammals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Role of framework mutations and antibody flexibility in the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies

    Victor Ovchinnikov et al.
    Computer simulations of the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV suggest that non-traditional pathways involving framework mutations which lead initially to increased antibody flexibility do occur, but can be avoided by appropriate vaccine design.

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