4,132 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Long ascending propriospinal neurons provide flexible, context-specific control of interlimb coordination

    Amanda M Pocratsky et al.
    Conditional silencing of long ascending propriospinal neurons disrupts interlimb coordination of the fore and hindlimb pairs, but in a highly context-specific manner.
    1. Medicine

    Performance of a deep learning based neural network in the selection of human blastocysts for implantation

    Charles L Bormann et al.
    A well-trained deep learning neural network can outperform and can potentially assist expertly trained embryologists in selecting embryos based on their implantation potential, even amongst high-quality euploid blastocyst embryos.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    New insights on the modeling of the molecular mechanisms underlying neural maps alignment in the midbrain

    Elise Laura Savier et al.
    A dominant sensory map provides positional information through correlated activity and transposed molecular cues to guide secondary sensory projections for alignment and organization.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genome expansion in early eukaryotes drove the transition from lateral gene transfer to meiotic sex

    Marco Colnaghi et al.
    Lateral gene transfer is unable to resist mutation accumulation in large genomes, leading to selective pressure for the origin of meiotic sex in the first eukaryotes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic analysis of the unstimulated in vivo HIV CD4 T cell reservoir

    Jason Neidleman et al.
    An in-depth view of the in vivo blood and tissue HIV reservoir is presented highlighting shared phenotypic features between individuals, thus enabling marked ex vivo enrichment of replication-competent latent cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Modelling the emergence of whisker barrels

    Sebastian S James et al.
    Whisker barrels provide clues about neocortical development, as computer modelling shows that barrels can self-organize, based on competition between adjacent thalamocortical axons, suggesting that genetic instruction plays a secondary role.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feed-forward recruitment of electrical synapses enhances synchronous spiking in the mouse cerebellar cortex

    Andreas Hoehne et al.
    Transient recruitment of electrical synapses mediates precisely timed excitation and inhibition to enhance synchronized control of cerebellar cortical output.

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