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    1. Developmental Biology

    Low wnt/β-catenin signaling determines leaky vessels in the subfornical organ and affects water homeostasis in mice

    Fabienne Benz et al.
    Endothelial tightening by augmenting low level Wnt/β-catenin activity in vessels of the mouse subfornical organ, influences neuronal activation in water-deprived mice, linking endothelial barrier properties to neuro-vascular coupling.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural-level model of spatial memory and imagery

    Andrej Bicanski, Neil Burgess
    The BB model explains spatial cognition in terms of interactions between specific neuronal populations, providing a common computational framework for the human neuropsychological and in vivo animal electrophysiological literatures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pan-neuronal screening in Caenorhabditis elegans reveals asymmetric dynamics of AWC neurons is critical for thermal avoidance behavior

    Ippei Kotera et al.
    Functional screening of the entire neuronal network of C. elegans in response to specific stimuli can discover new neural behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitive red protein calcium indicators for imaging neural activity

    Hod Dana et al.
    Protein engineering and large-scale screening has led to the development of sensitive red fluorescent indicators that detect neural activity with high sensitivity in various animal models.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons signal aversion in a reward-context-dependent manner

    Hideyuki Matsumoto et al.
    Dopamine neurons signal value prediction errors (VPEs) integrating information about both reward and aversion, in low reward contexts, whereas VPEs in some dopamine neurons are distorted in high reward contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    The SSVEP tracks attention, not consciousness, during perceptual filling-in

    Matthew J Davidson et al.
    The strength of frequency-tagged neural activity during perceptual filling anti-correlates with the contents of consciousness, yet positively correlates with a neural measure of attention, dissociating these often confounded brain processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The control of tonic pain by active relief learning

    Suyi Zhang et al.
    The brain has a central cortico-striatal learning circuit that suppresses ongoing pain after injury when actively learning about things that could remove the cause of the pain.
    1. Neuroscience

    NOVA2-mediated RNA regulation is required for axonal pathfinding during development

    Yuhki Saito et al.
    The RNA-binding protein NOVA2 coordinately regulates the alternative splicing of key components in axon guidance and outgrowth pathways, with severe functional consequences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding a neural circuit controlling global animal state in C. elegans

    Patrick Laurent et al.
    Sensory neurons that monitor ambient oxygen control a cascade of responses across multiple layers of interneurons to switch the global state of the nematode C. elegans, reprogramming behavior and gene expression to enable escape from or adaptation to surface exposure.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fundamental bound on the persistence and capacity of short-term memory stored as graded persistent activity

    Onur Ozan Koyluoglu et al.
    A fundamental lower-bound on memory recall precision, which declines with storage duration and number of stored items, is derived, and human performance is shown to be well-fit by this theoretical bound.