1,327 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of motor neurons and a mechanosensitive sensory neuron in the defecation circuitry of Drosophila larvae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    The neural circuit underlying defecation behavior in Drosophila larvae has been identified and characterized.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bright multicolor labeling of neuronal circuits with fluorescent proteins and chemical tags

    Richi Sakaguchi et al.
    A bright and stochastic multicolor labeling method, Tetbow, facilitates millimeters-scale reconstructions of neuronal circuits at a large scale using tissue clearing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural command circuit for grooming movement control

    Stefanie Hampel et al.
    The identification of a neural circuit that drives a specific grooming movement in Drosophila reveals that it may also control movement parameters, such as duration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry of a polycystin-mediated hydrodynamic startle response for predator avoidance

    Luis A Bezares-Calderón et al.
    The Platynereis startle circuit links polycystin-dependent hydrodynamic sensors to muscle and ciliary effector cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Beyond excitation/inhibition imbalance in multidimensional models of neural circuit changes in brain disorders

    Cian O'Donnell et al.
    Computational modeling and analysis of mouse neural population data finds that the excitation/inhibition imbalance theory of brain disorders is too limited to account for key changes in neural activity statistics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding a neural circuit controlling global animal state in C. elegans

    Patrick Laurent et al.
    Sensory neurons that monitor ambient oxygen control a cascade of responses across multiple layers of interneurons to switch the global state of the nematode C. elegans, reprogramming behavior and gene expression to enable escape from or adaptation to surface exposure.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural circuit mechanism for regulating vocal variability during song learning in zebra finches

    Jonathan Garst-Orozco et al.
    By demonstrating song learning-related synaptic strengthening and pruning in the vocal control circuits of songbirds, and showing how such changes can reduce the sensitivity of the circuit to ‘noisy’ inputs, a simple neural circuit mechanism for regulating motor variability during motor skill learning is identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hidden synaptic differences in a neural circuit underlie differential behavioral susceptibility to a neural injury

    Akira Sakurai et al.
    Animal-to-animal variability in neural circuit elements is often hidden under normal conditions, but becomes functionally relevant when the system is challenged by injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporally specific engagement of distinct neuronal circuits regulating olfactory habituation in Drosophila

    Ourania Semelidou et al.
    Habituation to brief olfactory stimulation is biphasic and mediated by distinct neuronal circuits where an initial latency phase is rapidly followed by stimulus devaluation signifying behavioral habituation in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic premotor circuit tracing reveals neural substrates for oro-motor coordination

    Edward Stanek IV et al.
    Retrograde tracing of the neural circuits that control movement of the jaw and tongue reveals how shared premotor neurons help to ensure coordinated muscle activity.

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