776 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sustained TNF-α stimulation leads to transcriptional memory that greatly enhances signal sensitivity and robustness

    Zuodong Zhao et al.
    Sustained TNF-α induction consolidates transcriptional memory for faster, stronger, and more sensitive subsequent induction in an active DNA demethylation-dependent manner for memory genes including CALCB, a therapeutic target for migraine.
    1. Neuroscience

    TrpML-mediated astrocyte microdomain Ca2+ transients regulate astrocyte–tracheal interactions

    Zhiguo Ma, Marc R Freeman
    Astrocyte microdomain calcium transients are mediated by TrpML, stimulated by ROS and tyramine, and mediate astrocyte–tracheal interactions in CNS gas exchange.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    SMC5/6 is required for replication fork stability and faithful chromosome segregation during neurogenesis

    Alisa Atkins et al.
    The structural maintenance of chromosomes complex, SMC5/6, is crucial for brain development and function as it ensures proficient DNA replication in neural progenitor cells prior to chromosome segregation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Combined transient ablation and single-cell RNA-sequencing reveals the development of medullary thymic epithelial cells

    Kristen L Wells et al.
    Combination of experimental mouse models with single-cell RNA-sequencing creates a detailed map of medullary thymic epithelial cell development and identifies a transit-amplifying population as the immediate precursor to Aire-expressing mTECs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Medicine

    Vanishing white matter disease expression of truncated EIF2B5 activates induced stress response

    Matthew D Keefe et al.
    Neurological pathology and chronic activation of the induced stress response are caused by expression of a truncated EIF2B5 in vanishing white matter disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transposase-assisted tagmentation of RNA/DNA hybrid duplexes

    Bo Lu et al.
    Tn5 transposase has direct tagmentation activity towards RNA/DNA hybrids, which is harnessed as a more convenient and faster RNA-seq library construction method and will benefit RNA and chromatin research.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A mechanism for the extension and unfolding of parallel telomeric G-quadruplexes by human telomerase at single-molecule resolution

    Bishnu P Paudel et al.
    Human telomerase unfolds and extends parallel G-quadruplexes using a unique mechanism involving its RNA template.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microtubules originate asymmetrically at the somatic golgi and are guided via Kinesin2 to maintain polarity within neurons

    Amrita Mukherjee et al.
    The somatic Golgi acts as an asymmetric MTOC within Drosophila neurons, and this, together with the action Kinesin-2, helps maintain minus-end-out microtubule polarity with proximal dendrites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.

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