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    1. Neuroscience

    Changing the responses of cortical neurons from sub- to suprathreshold using single spikes in vivo

    Verena Pawlak et al.
    Changing the order in which presynaptic and postsynaptic cells are repeatedly activated can change what a mammalian visual cortex neuron communicates to downstream neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Influenza-virus membrane fusion by cooperative fold-back of stochastically induced hemagglutinin intermediates

    Tijana Ivanovic et al.
    Long-lived intermediate states formed by glycoprotein catalysts are an essential part of the process used by influenza virus particles to infect cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of pontine and proprioceptive streams onto multimodal cerebellar granule cells

    Cheng-Chiu Huang et al.
    Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kinesin-1 regulates dendrite microtubule polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jing Yan et al.
    A cellular motor protein helps to ensure that microtubules are oriented correctly within neuronal dendrites
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sox10-dependent neural crest origin of olfactory microvillous neurons in zebrafish

    Ankur Saxena et al.
    Sensory neurons in the olfactory system develop from two different regions of the ectoderm, the olfactory placode and the cranial neural crest, whereas sensory neurons within the eye and ear develop from just one region.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Ovulation in Drosophila is controlled by secretory cells of the female reproductive tract

    Jianjun Sun, Allan C Spradling
    Secretory cells in the fruit fly reproductive tract produce secretions that control ovulation through a conserved mechanism that could provide insights into ovarian cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute stress enhances adult rat hippocampal neurogenesis and activation of newborn neurons via secreted astrocytic FGF2

    Elizabeth D Kirby et al.
    Exposing rats to acute stress increased the generation of new neurons in a subregion of the hippocampus, and improved the animals' performance in a memory task two weeks later.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Contributions of mast cells and vasoactive products, leukotrienes and chymase, to dengue virus-induced vascular leakage

    Ashley L St John et al.
    Proteins produced by mast cells modulate the permeability of blood vessels, and may determine whether patients infected with dengue virus develop life-threatening complications.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stability-mediated epistasis constrains the evolution of an influenza protein

    Lizhi Ian Gong et al.
    Some of the mutations that occur during influenza evolution can only be tolerated in conjunction with other mutations that increase the stability of a viral protein.