Measurements of specialized metabolites across a population of 800 natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions revealed different pressures and evolutionary processes that shaped their variation and distribution across Europe.
A potentially useful cyanobacterial sulfated exopolysaccharide and its biosynthesis and regulation genes, which contribute to the laboratorial bloom formation, are elucidated for the first time among prokaryotes.
Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
Activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump and enhancement of cellular calcium homeostasis by dwarf open reading frame reveal how this small membrane protein opposes phospholamban inhibitory function in cardiac muscle.
Contrasting with neural network theories, a study of the cross-species perception of dynamic faces with highly realistic human and monkey avatars reveals independent perceptual encoding of facial shape and expression.