2,527 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mobile genetic element increases bacterial host fitness by manipulating development

    Joshua M Jones et al.
    A mobile genetic element provides a selective advantage to host cells by delaying development, including biofilm and spore formation, thereby enabling temporary cheating and extra divisions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    CEM500K, a large-scale heterogeneous unlabeled cellular electron microscopy image dataset for deep learning

    Ryan Conrad, Kedar Narayan
    'Cellular Electron Microscopy 500,000 images' (CEM500K) is a highly heterogeneous, information-rich, non-redundant, unlabeled EM dataset curated to pre-train DL algorithms for better model generalization on EM segmentation tasks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Processing of motion boundary orientation in macaque V2

    Heng Ma et al.
    Area V2 in macaque monkeys contributes to the perception of the outlines of moving objects and achieves this through a local computation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria associations

    Mroj Alassaf, Mary C Halloran
    An extracellular modulator of IGF1 signaling, Pappaa, regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria connections, which are critical for metabolic homeostasis and hair cell survival.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Spatio-temporal associations between deforestation and malaria incidence in Lao PDR

    Francois Rerolle et al.
    Deforestation near villages is associated with short-term increases but long-term decreases in malaria incidence in Lao PDR, highlighting the influence of forest-going populations on malaria transmission in the region.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integron activity accelerates the evolution of antibiotic resistance

    Célia Souque et al.
    Integrons deploy a variety of adaptive strategies including excision, shuffling, and duplication of cassettes that foster rapid bacterial adaptation and resistance evolution while protecting the genomic integrity of the host.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Stress resets ancestral heritable small RNA responses

    Leah Houri-Zeevi et al.
    Various types of stress reset heritable small RNA responses through the function of the p38 MAPK pathway, the transcription factor SKN-1/Nrf2, and the MET-2/SETDB1 putative histone methyltransferase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanism for differential recruitment of orbitostriatal transmission during actions and outcomes following chronic alcohol exposure

    Rafael Renteria et al.
    Chronic alcohol exposure results in a long-lasting, enhanced endocannabinoid signalling at orbitostriatal synapses that is expressed in a projection-, synapse-, and behaviorally computation-specific manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Accelerating with FlyBrainLab the discovery of the functional logic of the Drosophila brain in the connectomic and synaptomic era

    Aurel A Lazar et al.
    FlyBrainLab is an open-source computing platform that integrates 3D exploration and visualization of diverse Drosophila connectomic/synaptomic datasets with interactive exploration of the functional logic of modeled executable brain circuits.

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