2,799 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sustained TNF-α stimulation leads to transcriptional memory that greatly enhances signal sensitivity and robustness

    Zuodong Zhao et al.
    Sustained TNF-α induction consolidates transcriptional memory for faster, stronger, and more sensitive subsequent induction in an active DNA demethylation-dependent manner for memory genes including CALCB, a therapeutic target for migraine.
    1. Neuroscience

    TrpML-mediated astrocyte microdomain Ca2+ transients regulate astrocyte–tracheal interactions

    Zhiguo Ma, Marc R Freeman
    Astrocyte microdomain calcium transients are mediated by TrpML, stimulated by ROS and tyramine, and mediate astrocyte–tracheal interactions in CNS gas exchange.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The deubiquitylase Ubp15 couples transcription to mRNA export

    Fanny Eyboulet et al.
    Ubp15 regulates the ubiquitylation of the export adaptor Mex67.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome streamlining in a minute herbivore that manipulates its host plant

    Robert Greenhalgh et al.
    The genome of a tiny tomato pest reveals mechanisms that underlie metazoan genome reduction.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Combined transient ablation and single-cell RNA-sequencing reveals the development of medullary thymic epithelial cells

    Kristen L Wells et al.
    Combination of experimental mouse models with single-cell RNA-sequencing creates a detailed map of medullary thymic epithelial cell development and identifies a transit-amplifying population as the immediate precursor to Aire-expressing mTECs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Neuroscience

    A selective effect of dopamine on information-seeking

    Valentina Vellani et al.
    L-DOPA administration increases information-seeking about potential losses without impacting information-seeking about potential gains, and as a result, it reduces the effect of valence on information-seeking.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The allosteric modulation of complement C5 by knob domain peptides

    Alex Macpherson et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of a new class of low-molecular-weight antibody fragments, derived from bovine immunoglobulins, reveals their therapeutic potential against C5, a target for refractory inflammatory diseases.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Preliminary paleohistological observations of the StW 573 (‘Little Foot’) skull

    Amélie Beaudet et al.
    Virtual investigation of the 3.67-million-year-old skull of 'Little Foot' using synchrotron radiation reveals histological details of Australopithecus dental and bone tissues.

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