6,280 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection of the CNS disrupts the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic gene regulation of host responses

    Olga A Maximova et al.
    Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Injection with Toxoplasma gondii protein affects neuron health and survival

    Oscar A Mendez et al.
    Multi-level profiling of Toxoplasma gondii-injected neurons identifies brain regions and neuron subtype predilections as well as the effect of Toxoplasma interactions on neuron physiology and health.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effectiveness of traveller screening for emerging pathogens is shaped by epidemiology and natural history of infection

    Katelyn M Gostic et al.
    Pathogen natural history, epidemiological knowledge, human behavior and epidemic progression determine whether symptom screening and questionnaires are effective barriers to geographic spread of infection by travelers.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Engineering induction of singular neural rosette emergence within hPSC-derived tissues

    Gavin T Knight et al.
    A bioengineering approach identifies tissue morphology as an effective variable for controlling the inception of neural organoid morphogenesis via induction of a biomimetic, singular neural rosette tissue cytoarchitecture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron dependent behaviors mediated by glutamate cotransmission

    Susana Mingote et al.
    The conditional reduction of glutaminase in mouse dopamine neurons selectively attenuates glutamate cotransmission at phasic frequencies, revealing the role of dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission in the attribution of motivational salience.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Planar cell polarity-mediated induction of neural stem cell expansion during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Aida Rodrigo Albors et al.
    During axolotl spinal cord regeneration adult neural stem cells reactivate an embryonic neuroepithelial cell-like gene program that implements planar cell polarity to orient cell divisions, coupling polarized spinal cord growth with stem cell self-renewal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep-active neuron specification and sleep induction require FLP-11 neuropeptides to systemically induce sleep

    Michal Turek et al.
    The mechanisms of specification and sleep induction by the single sleep-active neuron are revealed in C. elegans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chromerid genomes reveal the evolutionary path from photosynthetic algae to obligate intracellular parasites

    Yong H Woo et al.
    Analysis of chromerid algal genomes reveals how apicomplexans have evolved from free-living algae into successful eukaryotic parasites via massive losses and re-inventing functional roles of genes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-934 is a novel primate-specific small non-coding RNA with neurogenic function during early development

    Kanella Prodromidou et al.
    Primate-specific miR-934 mediates neurogenesis and downstream neuronal differentiation processes, modulating the expression of genes associated with the subplate, a region most prominent in primates, emerging during early cortical development.

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