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    1. Neuroscience

    Plasticity-dependent, full detonation at hippocampal mossy fiber–CA3 pyramidal neuron synapses

    Nicholas P Vyleta et al.
    Activity-dependent enhancement of transmitter release makes the hippocampal mossy fiber synapse a full detonator in rats.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated control of terminal differentiation and restriction of cellular plasticity

    Tulsi Patel, Oliver Hobert
    Transcription factors that specify the identity of individual neuron types via activating terminal differentiation gene batteries also restrict cellular plasticity via altering the chromatin landscape.
    1. Neuroscience

    Development of schemas revealed by prior experience and NMDA receptor knock-out

    George Dragoi, Susumu Tonegawa
    Novel spatial representations by hippocampal cellular assemblies develop on the framework of preconfigured hippocampal networks whose homeostatic synaptic reorganization is accelerated by prior experience and CA3 NMDAR-dependent plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Changing the responses of cortical neurons from sub- to suprathreshold using single spikes in vivo

    Verena Pawlak et al.
    Changing the order in which presynaptic and postsynaptic cells are repeatedly activated can change what a mammalian visual cortex neuron communicates to downstream neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Population coupling predicts the plasticity of stimulus responses in cortical circuits

    Yann Sweeney, Claudia Clopath
    Networks simulations and in vivo imaging suggest a stable backbone of stimulus representation formed by neurons with low population coupling, alongside a flexible substrate of neurons with high population coupling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuron-wide RNA transport combines with netrin-mediated local translation to spatially regulate the synaptic proteome

    Sangmok Kim, Kelsey C Martin
    The spatial regulation of gene expression within neurons occurs primarily at the level of local translation rather than by stimulus-induced RNA targeting from nucleus to synapse.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The E3 ubiquitin ligase IDOL regulates synaptic ApoER2 levels and is important for plasticity and learning

    Jie Gao et al.
    Control of lipoprotein receptor protein levels at synapses by the E3 ubiquitin ligase IDOL is shown to be important for the plasticity of neuronal dendrites in vitro and learning and memory in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergistic plasticity of intrinsic conductance and electrical coupling restores synchrony in an intact motor network

    Brian J Lane et al.
    Neural networks like the crustacean cardiac ganglion employ multi-faceted compensatory mechanisms to achieve the stability and robustness that are critical to long-term function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic up-scaling preserves motor circuit output after chronic, natural inactivity

    Joseph M Santin et al.
    Synaptic scaling maintains motor output from the respiratory network of bullfrogs after months of inactivity in the winter, providing evidence for homeostatic plasticity in response to large ecologically relevant perturbations in neuronal activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of the visual experience-dependent nascent proteome in neuronal plasticity

    Han-Hsuan Liu et al.
    A screen of visual-experience induced changes in newly-synthesized proteins in Xenopus optic tectum identifies unexpected candidate plasticity proteins.