47 results found
  1. March 2016

    Episode 28: March 2016

    In this episode we hear about aging, artificial fingertips, ancient DNA, antibiotic resistance and dengue fever.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of transformation-tolerant representations of visual objects in rat lateral extrastriate cortex

    Sina Tafazoli et al.
    Neuronal recordings from rat visual cortex reveal an object-processing pathway, along which neuronal representations become increasingly capable of supporting recognition of visual objects in spite of variation in their appearance.
    1. Cell Biology

    A highly responsive pyruvate sensor reveals pathway-regulatory role of the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier MPC

    Robinson Arce-Molina et al.
    A user-friendly genetically-encoded fluorescent sensor of improved dynamic range is introduced to facilitate the study of mitochondrial metabolism and diversity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Revealing the neural fingerprints of a missing hand

    Sanne Kikkert et al.
    The brain continues to represent individual fingers in primary somatosensory cortex decades after the amputation of a hand, indicating that cortical maps do not require ongoing sensory input from the body.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural ensemble dynamics in dorsal motor cortex during speech in people with paralysis

    Sergey D Stavisky et al.
    Neurons in human dorsal motor cortex, an area involved in controlling arm and hand movements, are also active – and show similar ensemble dynamics – during speaking.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic insight into the conserved allosteric regulation of periplasmic proteolysis by the signaling molecule cyclic-di-GMP

    Debashree Chatterjee et al.
    Structure-function analyses reveal the mechanistic underpinnings of inside-out transmembrane signaling that controls periplasmic proteolysis, and thereby biofilm formation, in bacteria and may be relevant in the context of other signaling proteins with similar control elements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural encoding of actual and imagined touch within human posterior parietal cortex

    Srinivas Chivukula et al.
    Single neurons in human posterior parietal cortex encode actual and imagined touch within a shared neural substrate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Regulation by the quorum sensor from Vibrio indicates a receptor function for the membrane anchors of adenylate cyclases

    Stephanie Beltz et al.
    A canonical class III adenylate cyclase with a membrane anchor of six transmembrane spans is regulated by a receptor of similar design, the quorum-sensing receptor from Vibrio harveyi.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bayesian inference for biophysical neuron models enables stimulus optimization for retinal neuroprosthetics

    Jonathan Oesterle et al.
    Bayesian simulator-based inference is used to infer the parameters of complex multicompartment models of retinal neurons from two-photon imaging data.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Approaching boiling point stability of an alcohol dehydrogenase through computationally-guided enzyme engineering

    Friso S Aalbers et al.
    By combining structure-based computational predictions and a thorough structural analysis, a highly thermostable enzyme, alcohol dehydrogenase, has been engineered.

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