3,584 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lunatic fringe-mediated Notch signaling regulates adult hippocampal neural stem cell maintenance

    Fatih Semerci et al.
    In adult mouse hippocampus, neural stem cell and their progeny communicate via Lunatic Fringe mediated Notch signaling to regulate stem cell quiescence, division, and fate.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pou3f1 promotes neural fate commitment via activation of neural lineage genes and inhibition of external signaling pathways

    Qingqing Zhu et al.
    The transcription factor Pou3f1 triggers embryonic stem cells to become neuronal progenitor cells in two ways: by activating the expression of pro-neuronal genes and by blocking external inhibitory signaling cascades.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dkk2 promotes neural crest specification by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling in a GSK3β independent manner

    Arun Devotta et al.
    Dkk2, a member of the Dikkopf family of Wnt antagonists, acts as a positive regulator of Wnt signaling during neural crest formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial calcium signaling is attuned to neuronal activity in awake mice

    Anthony D Umpierre et al.
    Microglial processes engage calcium signaling in response to hyper- or hypo-active shifts in neuronal activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuron-glia signaling in developing retina mediated by neurotransmitter spillover

    Juliana M Rosa et al.
    Retinal waves are correlated with calcium transients in Müller cells, demonstrating that spontaneous activity encompasses both neuronal and glial networks during a crucial period of retinal development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Sonic hedgehog signaling directs patterned cell remodeling during cranial neural tube closure

    Eric R Brooks et al.
    Closure of the cranial neural tube, which is essential for mammalian development, is driven by spatially and temporally patterned cell remodeling events that require positionally regulated Sonic hedgehog signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial Ca2+signaling links endocytosis to K+ buffering around neuronal somas to regulate excitability

    Shirley Weiss et al.
    An unbiased genetic screen in Drosophila provides evidence for a direct link between glial Ca2+ 25 signaling and classical functions of glia in buffering external K+ as a mechanism to regulate neuronal excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral role of PACAP signaling reflects its selective distribution in glutamatergic and GABAergic neuronal subpopulations

    Limei Zhang et al.
    Placing the PACAP/PAC1 signaling within glutamate/GABA cell type and subregional contexts in mouse brain reveals its conspicuous role for sensorimotor circuit interaction through modulating neuronal plasticity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High mTOR activity is a hallmark of reactive natural killer cells and amplifies early signaling through activating receptors

    Antoine Marçais et al.
    Chronic engagement of Natural killer cell inhibitory receptors by MHC-I molecules maintains a high activity of the mTOR pathway allowing subsequent amplification of signaling through activating receptors upon acute stimulation.

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