414 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Risk of punishment influences discrete and coordinated encoding of reward-guided actions by prefrontal cortex and VTA neurons

    Junchol Park, Bita Moghaddam
    Risk of punishment during reward seeking behavior is associated with a functional "disconnection" of the PFC-VTA circuit due to a transient loss of VTA-driven theta oscillation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uniting functional network topology and oscillations in the fronto-parietal single unit network of behaving primates

    Benjamin Dann et al.
    Oscillatory synchronized hub neurons coordinate neural network activity across multiple brain areas.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous neural synchrony links intrinsic spinal sensory and motor networks during unconsciousness

    Jacob Graves McPherson, Maria F Bandres
    Persistent, non-random sensorimotor connectivity reveals the capacity of intrinsic spinal networks to purposefully replay and modify learned patterns of neural transmission during unconsciousness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cross-synaptic synchrony and transmission of signal and noise across the mouse retina

    William N Grimes et al.
    Cells within the retina synchronize transmitter release across their output synapses in the dark, reducing the impact of noise generated at these synapses and allowing light-dependent signals to be transmitted with minimal added synaptic noise.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural effects of propofol-induced unconsciousness and its reversal using thalamic stimulation

    André M Bastos et al.
    Understanding how general anesthesia changes neural dynamics in the cortex and thalamus can lead to its safer use and shed light on the nature of consciousness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic gating of population auditory thalamocortical transmission in mouse

    Baher A Ibrahim et al.
    Sensory stimulation produces stochastic population responses in the cortex that are governed by layer 6 cortico-reticular projections that modulate thalamic synchrony.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gap junction-mediated glycinergic inhibition ensures precise temporal patterning in vocal behavior

    Boris P Chagnaud et al.
    Inhibition provides a means for achieving temporal precision for rapid modulation of an acoustic signal in a vertebrate vocal network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cross-frequency synchronization connects networks of fast and slow oscillations during visual working memory maintenance

    Felix Siebenhühner et al.
    Cross-frequency synchronization of neuronal oscillations in visual and attentional brain systems predicts human working memory performance.

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