5,400 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward-based training of recurrent neural networks for cognitive and value-based tasks

    H Francis Song et al.
    A two-part neural network models reward-based training and provides a unified framework in which to study diverse computations that can be compared to electrophysiological recordings from behaving animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic premotor circuit tracing reveals neural substrates for oro-motor coordination

    Edward Stanek IV et al.
    Retrograde tracing of the neural circuits that control movement of the jaw and tongue reveals how shared premotor neurons help to ensure coordinated muscle activity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Training deep neural density estimators to identify mechanistic models of neural dynamics

    Pedro J Gonçalves et al.
    Deep neural networks can be trained to automatically find mechanistic models which quantitatively agree with experimental data, providing new opportunities for building and visualizing interpretable models of neural dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mediation of greed personality trait on economic risk-taking

    Weiwei Li et al.
    Greed personality trait is associated with behavioral loss aversion via the mediation of the neural loss aversion signal in the medial orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bright multicolor labeling of neuronal circuits with fluorescent proteins and chemical tags

    Richi Sakaguchi et al.
    A bright and stochastic multicolor labeling method, Tetbow, facilitates millimeters-scale reconstructions of neuronal circuits at a large scale using tissue clearing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inferring synaptic inputs from spikes with a conductance-based neural encoding model

    Kenneth W Latimer et al.
    The conductance-based encoding model creates a new bridge between statistical models and biophysical models of neurons, and infers visually-evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances from spike trains in macaque retina.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Noise promotes independent control of gamma oscillations and grid firing within recurrent attractor networks

    Lukas Solanka et al.
    Random fluctuations in neuronal firing may enable a single brain region, the medial entorhinal cortex, to perform distinct roles in cognition (by generating gamma waves) and spatial navigation (by producing a grid cell map).
    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic tracing maps brain-wide afferent oligodendrocyte precursor cell connectivity

    Christopher W Mount et al.
    Oligodendrocyte precursor cells receive brain-wide, circuit-specific intracortical, coritcocortical and thalamocortical synaptic inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tracing neuronal circuits in transgenic animals by transneuronal control of transcription (TRACT)

    Ting-hao Huang et al.
    A new method that will allow researchers to visualize and genetically manipulate synaptically connected neurons in a brain circuit.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural tracking of speech mental imagery during rhythmic inner counting

    Lingxi Lu et al.
    A disassociated neural network underlies the dynamic construction of speech mental imagery independent of auditory perception.

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