44 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cooperation between distinct viral variants promotes growth of H3N2 influenza in cell culture

    Katherine S Xue et al.
    The frequent co-occurrence of two variants of influenza is due to the fact that they cooperate, meaning that a mixed population grows better than either variant alone.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Influenza A virus surface proteins are organized to help penetrate host mucus

    Michael D Vahey, Daniel A Fletcher
    By distributing receptor-binding and receptor-destroying proteins asymmetrically on their surface, filamentous influenza A virus particles create a Brownian ratchet that facilitates their passage through mucus.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 viruses with spatial cross-validation

    Madhur S Dhingra et al.
    The global suitability for avian flu H5N1 in poultry is predicted and spatially cross-validated, highlighting areas where the disease can spread in the absence of prevention and control, and represent a public health threat.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Broad and direct interaction between TLR and Siglec families of pattern recognition receptors and its regulation by Neu1

    Guo-Yun Chen et al.
    Sialoside-based pattern recognition by Siglecs directly regulates toll-like receptor signaling and a sialidase inhibitor protects against endotoxemia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium falciparum ligand binding to erythrocytes induce alterations in deformability essential for invasion

    Xavier Sisquella et al.
    Interaction of P. falciparum with the erythrocyte activates a phosphorylation cascade altering the viscoelastic properties of this area of the host membrane conditioning it for successful invasion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure of the malaria vaccine candidate antigen CyRPA and its complex with a parasite invasion inhibitory antibody

    Paola Favuzza et al.
    The structure of the promising malaria blood-stage vaccine candidate antigen PfCyRPA and the characterization of a protective epitope are facilitating research on its essential role in parasite invasion, and will guide future epitope-focused vaccine design.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structured illumination microscopy combined with machine learning enables the high throughput analysis and classification of virus structure

    Romain F Laine et al.
    Machine learning in conjunction with super-resolution imaging allows for the first time to quantitatively analyse large and heterogenous virus samples structure at a high throughput and specificity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A large effective population size for established within-host influenza virus infection

    Casper K Lumby et al.
    Once an influenza infection is established, selection acts efficiently in favouring fitter viral genotypes, its effects being limited only by the short length of a typical infection.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mucosal absorption of therapeutic peptides by harnessing the endogenous sorting of glycosphingolipids

    Maria Daniela Garcia-Castillo et al.
    Non-native synthetic short-chain glycosphingolipids fused to GLP-1 enable intestinal absorption with high bioavailability in vivo.

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