994 results found
  1. December 2013

    Episode 7: December 2013

    In this episode we hear about drug resistance, severe brain damage, sugar versus sweetener, public goods dilemmas, and the evolution of the machinary that makes proteins in cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular matrix-inducing Sox9 promotes both basal progenitor proliferation and gliogenesis in developing neocortex

    Ayse Güven et al.
    Transcription factor Sox9 has an important role in neocortex expansion, where its expression in basal progenitors increases proliferation, induces premature gliogenesis and promotes the expression of extracellular matrix components.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    Unexpected similarities between C9ORF72 and sporadic forms of ALS/FTD suggest a common disease mechanism

    Erin G Conlon et al.
    Idiopathic patients along a complex motor neuron disease-dementia spectrum exhibit mRNA splicing changes that are due to multi-protein insolubility.
    1. Neuroscience

    The number of olfactory stimuli that humans can discriminate is still unknown

    Richard C Gerkin, Jason B Castro
    The recent claim that humans can discriminate more than one trillion odors is shown to be unwarranted.
    1. Neuroscience

    An NMDA receptor-dependent mechanism for subcellular segregation of sensory inputs in the tadpole optic tectum

    Ali S Hamodi et al.
    An activity-dependent mechanism sculpts subcellular segregation of sensory inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic lithium treatment elicits its antimanic effects via BDNF-TrkB dependent synaptic downscaling

    Erinn S Gideons et al.
    The antimanic action of lithium requires BDNF-TrkB signaling coupled with enhanced dynamin-dependent endocytosis of AMPARs as a potential mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional subregions of the human entorhinal cortex

    Anne Maass et al.
    By employing high-field fMRI to measure connectivity with the hippocampus and adjacent parahippocampal structures within the medial temporal lobe, it is shown that the entorhinal cortex can be divided into anterior-lateral and posterior-medial subregions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    EphrinB2-EphB4 signalling provides Rho-mediated homeostatic control of lymphatic endothelial cell junction integrity

    Maike Frye et al.
    EphrinB2/EphB4-mediated regulation of cytoskeletal contractility is a key homeostatic mechanism of lymphatic endothelial cell-cell junction maintenance, and provides a potential target for therapeutic modulation of lymphatic vessel permeability and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain states govern the spatio-temporal dynamics of resting-state functional connectivity

    Felipe Aedo-Jury et al.
    Distinct brain states govern resting state functional architecture revealed by neurophysiologically defined simultaneous optic-fiber-based calcium recordings and task-free functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in rats.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Receptor-specific interactome as a hub for rapid cue-induced selective translation in axons

    Max Koppers et al.
    Multiple axonal guidance receptors control the local and selective translation of mRNAs by binding to ribosomes, specific mRNAs and RNA-binding proteins.

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