35 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Appetite controlled by a cholecystokinin nucleus of the solitary tract to hypothalamus neurocircuit

    Giuseppe D'Agostino et al.
    A novel and distinct cholecystokinin brain circuit critically modulates food intake and body weight.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aversive stimuli drive hypothalamus-to-habenula excitation to promote escape behavior

    Salvatore Lecca et al.
    Glutamatergic signaling from the lateral hypothalamus instructs lateral habenular neurons for encoding aversive external stimuli to subsequently guide escape behaviours.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term consequences of the absence of leptin signaling in early life

    Angela M Ramos-Lobo et al.
    A mouse model that grew without functional leptin receptors until adulthood reveals that early defects in leptin signaling lead to permanent metabolic and developmental problems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal processing of noxious thermal stimuli mediated by dendritic Ca2+ influx in Drosophila somatosensory neurons

    Shin-Ichiro Terada et al.
    Drosophila polymodal nociceptors use precipitous fluctuation of the firing rate, which depends on Ca2+ influx, as a key signal encoding a heat sensation and evoking the robust heat avoidance behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels induce the firing pause periods during the activation of Drosophila nociceptive neurons

    Koun Onodera et al.
    Drosophila nociceptive neurons convert high-intensity stimuli into characteristic fluctuations of firing rates, quiescent periods of which are regulated by hyperpolarization through small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Need-based prioritization of behavior

    C Joseph Burnett et al.
    A rich behavioral data set reveals the complex interactions and influence motivational systems have on one another, driving competition and optimal expression of behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic melanin concentrating hormone neurons communicate the nutrient value of sugar

    Ana I Domingos et al.
    Natural sugars are preferred over artificial sweeteners because of their nutritional content, which is sensed by MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    L-DOPA modulates activity in the vmPFC, nucleus accumbens, and VTA during threat extinction learning in humans

    Roland Esser et al.
    Encoding an expected, but absent, threat is modulated by dopaminergic neurotransmission that regulates success of extinction learning in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cold-induced hyperphagia requires AgRP neuron activation in mice

    Jennifer D Deem et al.
    A combination of neuroscience approaches and indirect calorimetry demonstrate a physiological role for AgRP neurons in cold-induced hyperphagia and strongly suggest temperature is an important regulator of AgRP neuron activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A reduction in voluntary physical activity in early pregnancy in mice is mediated by prolactin

    Sharon R Ladyman et al.
    Despite voluntary exercise being rewarding to mice, pregnancy hormones act in the maternal brain to markedly reduce the time females choose to engage in this activity.

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