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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Early tissue damage and microstructural reorganization predict disease severity in experimental epilepsy

    Philipp Janz et al.
    Non-invasive imaging of hippocampal neurodegeneration and structural reorganization during epileptogenesis allows the prediction of disease severity in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, which may facilitate the early pharmacological intervention before seizure onset.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Matrin 3-dependent neurotoxicity is modified by nucleic acid binding and nucleocytoplasmic localization

    Ahmed M Malik et al.
    The deposition of Matrin 3, a DNA/RNA binding protein implicated in ALS and FTD, results in neurodegeneration dependent upon its localization, self-association, and ability to bind nucleic acids.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual leucine zipper kinase-dependent PERK activation contributes to neuronal degeneration following insult

    Martin Larhammar et al.
    Two seemingly distinct cellular stress response pathways that contribute to neurodegeneration after axonal insults are now revealed to be under the control of a single master regulator of the neuronal injury response, the kinase DLK.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cell autonomous torsinA requirement for cholinergic neuron survival and motor control

    Samuel S Pappas et al.
    Conditional deletion of the DYT1 dystonia protein torsinA causes selective cell autonomous neurodegeneration of striatal and brainstem cholinergic neurons, and severe motor behavioral abnormalities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Charcot-Marie-Tooth 2B mutations in rab7 cause dosage-dependent neurodegeneration due to partial loss of function

    Smita Cherry et al.
    Mutations that reduce the functioning of rab7 may underlie the degeneration of sensory and motor nerves in Charcot-Marie-Tooth 2B disease, which suggests increasing endolysosomal function as a therapy.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Alleviation of neuronal energy deficiency by mTOR inhibition as a treatment for mitochondria-related neurodegeneration

    Xinde Zheng et al.
    Rapamycin treatment inhibits mTOR activity and preserves ATP levels in neurons derived from induced pluripotent stem cells from a maternally inherited Leigh syndrome patient.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Determining composition of micron-scale protein deposits in neurodegenerative disease by spatially targeted optical microproteomics

    Kevin C Hadley et al.
    STOMP is a technique that can determine the proteomic composition of any feature that is identifiable by laser scanning microscopy and is at least one cubic micron in size.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuromuscular Disease: Protecting the nerve terminals

    Jonathan D Glass
    Maintaining the connections between nerve cells and muscle could help to slow the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    eIF2B activator prevents neurological defects caused by a chronic integrated stress response

    Yao Liang Wong et al.
    Boosting the function of translation factor eIF2B by chronic small molecule administration prevents pathology in a neurodegenerative model of Vanishing White Matter disease characterized by a maladaptive stress response.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Coordinating a new approach to basic research into Parkinson’s disease

    Randy Schekman, Ekemini AU Riley
    The ASAP initiative will incentivize collaboration between researchers and encourage open-science practices to improve our understanding of the biology underlying Parkinson's disease.