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    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lateral orbitofrontal neurons acquire responses to upshifted, downshifted, or blocked cues during unblocking

    Nina Lopatina et al.
    Building on previous work (McDannald et. al, 2014), it is shown that dissociable populations of neurons in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex acquire responses to cues that predict more, less, or no change in reward in rats during training in a Pavlovian unblocking task.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural precursors of decisions that matter—an ERP study of deliberate and arbitrary choice

    Uri Maoz et al.
    The readiness potential—a long-established neural precursor of voluntary action claimed to precede the onset of the conscious decision to move—is absent, or at least significantly reduced, for deliberate decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    How prior preferences determine decision-making frames and biases in the human brain

    Alizée Lopez-Persem et al.
    Model-based analyses of choice behavior and fMRI activity revealed that prior preferences generate default policies, which frame the decision value signal encoded in the vmPFC, and shift vmPFC pre-choice activity so as to induce a decision bias toward default options.
    1. Neuroscience

    The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex computes task-invariant relative subjective value for self and other

    Matthew Piva et al.
    Activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex encodes relative subjective value in a common neural code across decision-making for self and other and across tasks with divergent cognitive requirements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mediodorsal thalamus is required for discrete phases of goal-directed behavior in macaques

    Evan Wicker et al.
    Transient suppression of activity in the macaque mediodorsal thalamus impairs adjustment of secondary reinforcer values and disrupts appropriate action selection in a reinforcer devaluation task; this profile is distinct from that of amygdala or subregions of orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Capturing the temporal evolution of choice across prefrontal cortex

    Laurence T Hunt et al.
    Experiments in macaques and humans reveal time-varying changes in prefrontal cortex activity that occur during decisions based on costs and benefits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value signals guide abstraction during learning

    Aurelio Cortese et al.
    Valuation of sensory information in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex plays a key function in constructing the abstract representations that guide complex behaviours.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alpha oscillations and event-related potentials reflect distinct dynamics of attribute construction and evidence accumulation in dietary decision making

    Azadeh HajiHosseini, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Alpha oscillations represent an intermediate stage of evidence accumulation that is influenced by self-regulation in value-based decision making.
    1. Neuroscience

    One-shot learning and behavioral eligibility traces in sequential decision making

    Marco P Lehmann et al.
    Human learning relies on short-term memories (eligibility traces) which provide a mechanism to reinforce sequences of actions from a single reward (one-shot).