426 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual midbrain and forebrain origins of thalamic inhibitory interneurons

    Polona Jager et al.
    Thalamic interneurons in the mouse thalamus are often overlooked because of their extremely low numbers, however they are developmentally complex and related to those of larger-brained species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Intronic enhancer region governs transcript-specific Bdnf expression in rodent neurons

    Jürgen Tuvikene et al.
    An evolutionarily conserved neuron-specific and stimulus-dependent enhancer region downstream of the Bdnf exon III regulates the expression of Bdnf transcripts starting from the upstream 5' exons.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection of the CNS disrupts the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic gene regulation of host responses

    Olga A Maximova et al.
    Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Regenerative neurogenic response from glia requires insulin-driven neuron-glia communication

    Neale J Harrison et al.
    Neuronal Ia-2 and glial Kon coordinate an injury-response insulin relay that restores glial cell populations and induces neural stem cells from glia, enabling central nervous system regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transsynaptic mapping of Drosophila mushroom body output neurons

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Transsynaptic mapping of the postsynaptic connections of mushroom body output neurons reveal both divergent and convergent projections allowing for multimodal integration prior to initiation of an output response.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shore crabs reveal novel evolutionary attributes of the mushroom body

    Nicholas Strausfeld, Marcel E Sayre
    Dramatic phenotypic divergence of crustacean mushroom bodies map to phylogenetic lineages, thereby offering unexplored opportunities for relating divergent cognitive centers to different ecologies and behavioral repertoires required to negotiate them.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Comparison of induced neurons reveals slower structural and functional maturation in humans than in apes

    Maria Schörnig et al.
    Neurons mature slower in humans than in other non-human primates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomes of developing and adult olfactory receptor neurons in Drosophila

    Colleen N McLaughlin et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomes of olfactory receptor neurons at multiple developmental stages reveal cell-type-specific gene expression programs that underlie their development and sensory biology.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Single-cell chromatin accessibility profiling of glioblastoma identifies an invasive cancer stem cell population associated with lower survival

    Paul Guilhamon et al.
    Chromatin-based cancer stem cell heterogeneity typifies primary glioblastoma and includes an invasive subtype associated with a lower survival.

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