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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals

    Debashish Bhattacharya et al.
    The analysis of 20 coral genomic datasets provides unprecedented insights into what makes reef-building corals unique, including the evolution of novel gene families involved in biomineralization, signaling and stress responses that have led to their evolutionary success throughout the Phanerozoic Eon.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Drosophila neprilysins control insulin signaling and food intake via cleavage of regulatory peptides

    Benjamin Hallier et al.
    The catalytic activity of a Drosophila neprilysin is critical to proper insulin expression and food intake by regulating homeostasis of distinct signaling peptides.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Homeodomain protein Otp affects developmental neuropeptide switching in oxytocin neurons associated with a long-term effect on social behavior

    Einav Wircer et al.
    Experiments in zebrafish reveal a new role for a critical hypothalamic transcription factor, orthopedia, in controlling developmental neuropeptide balance in a discrete oxytocin-producing neuronal circuit whose disrupted development affects social behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPC3 and NALCN channels drive pacemaking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Ki Bum Um et al.
    The non-selective Na+ leak channel (NALCN) and the transient receptor potential 3 channel (TRPC3) cooperate in driving pacemaking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Combined transcriptome and proteome profiling reveals specific molecular brain signatures for sex, maturation and circalunar clock phase

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A molecular profiling approach to quantify transcripts and proteins from identical samples allows study of molecular effects of maturation, sexual differentiation and the endogenous circalunar clock in a marine worm.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolutionary origin of bilaterian smooth and striated myocytes

    Thibaut Brunet et al.
    Molecular profiling of annelid myocytes reveals that the last common protostome-deuterostome ancestor already possessed a dual musculature, with visceral smooth muscles ensuring digestion and somatic striated muscles ensuring locomotion.
    1. Neuroscience

    The RFamide receptor DMSR-1 regulates stress-induced sleep in C. elegans

    Michael J Iannacone et al.
    During sickness, sleep is induced by neuropeptides, which contain an amidated arginine-phenylalanine motif, acting in a neuroendocrine fashion on a G-protein coupled receptor called DMSR-1.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Persistent effects of pair bonding in lung cancer cell growth in monogamous Peromyscus californicus

    Asieh Naderi et al.
    Monogamous rodents of the genus Peromyscus, upon disruption of pair bonds, acquire increased oncogenic activity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The cryptic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuronal system of human basal ganglia

    Katalin Skrapits et al.
    Neuroanatomical studies reveal presence and cholinergic phenotype of 150,000-200,000 extrahypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in human basal ganglia and basal forebrain, and RNA-sequencing detects gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor-1 expression in cholinergic interneurons but not in spiny projection neurons of the human putamen.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin promotes coordinated out-group attack during intergroup conflict in humans

    Hejing Zhang et al.
    Humans intranasally administered the neuropeptide oxytocin waste less and earn more spoils during intergroup conflict because oxytocin enables group members to better coordinate strategic attacking of out-groups.