16 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Neutrophils promote CXCR3-dependent itch in the development of atopic dermatitis

    Carolyn M Walsh et al.
    Neutrophils are essential for itch in a mouse model of atopic dermatitis, and promote the transition from acute to chronic itch via induction of CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Autoimmunity: Bringing on the itch

    Daniel A Waizman et al.
    Neutrophils are the first immune cells that enter the skin and cause itch in atopic dermatitis.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota regulates visceral pain in the mouse

    Pauline Luczynski et al.
    Determining that microbiota-deficient mice have increased visceral pain, which can be reversed by restoring microbiota, may lead to novel microbial-based strategies for disorders associated with visceral pain.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis

    Jose U Scher et al.
    The sequencing of microbial genomes reveals that the presence of a particular microbial species in the gut may increase the risk of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory neurons are more disinhibited than inhibitory neurons by chloride dysregulation in the spinal dorsal horn

    Kwan Yeop Lee et al.
    The flow of somatosensory information through the spinal dorsal horn is regulated by synaptic inhibition, which acts upon excitatory and inhibitory interneurons, but the former are especially prone to disinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition reduces stress-induced affective pathology

    Joyonna Carrie Gamble-George et al.
    Mechanistically distinct COX-2 inhibitors reduce stress-induced behavioral pathology via unique multimodal molecular mechanisms, and could be used to treat mood disorders.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Internalization and presentation of myelin antigens by the brain endothelium guides antigen-specific T cell migration

    Melissa A Lopes Pinheiro et al.
    Antigen-specific control of CD4+ T cell trans-migration by brain endothelial cells via presentation of CNS-derived antigens in MHC-II molecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amyloid and tau accumulate across distinct spatial networks and are differentially associated with brain connectivity

    Joana B Pereira et al.
    The amyloid patterns overlap with the default-mode network, whereas the tau patterns overlap with distinct functional networks and are associated with a loss of anatomical connectivity and multiple cognitive functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional dissociation of stimulus intensity encoding and predictive coding of pain in the insula

    Stephan Geuter et al.
    Pain processing in certain brain regions implements predictive coding principles, offering a novel perspective on the neural basis of pain perception.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Human hippocampal CA3 damage disrupts both recent and remote episodic memories

    Thomas D Miller et al.
    Human hippocampal cornu ammonis 3 damage impairs both recent and remote autobiographical episodic memory, and disrupts functional integration in medial temporal lobe subsystem regions of the default network.

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