340 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuromodulatory connectivity defines the structure of a behavioral neural network

    Feici Diao et al.
    Using targeted functional manipulations of neural activity to map neuromodulatory connections can deliver considerable insight into the functional architecture of a behaviorally important network even in the absence of information about its synaptic connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sequential neuromodulation of Hebbian plasticity offers mechanism for effective reward-based navigation

    Zuzanna Brzosko et al.
    Sequential neuromodulation by acetylcholine and dopamine enables correlational synaptic learning which, when incorporated into a computational model, yields effective navigation toward changing reward locations as in natural foraging behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    HCN channel-mediated neuromodulation can control action potential velocity and fidelity in central axons

    Niklas Byczkowicz et al.
    The cAMP-HCN pathway can control action potential conduction velocity providing neuromodulators with the ability to tune energy consumption and temporal delays across axons in the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pull-push neuromodulation of cortical plasticity enables rapid bi-directional shifts in ocular dominance

    Su Z Hong et al.
    Neuromodulation of the expression of Hebbian plasticity enables rapid cortical sensory-induced remodeling in post-critical period adults, and can rescue deficits induced by prolonged sensory deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic transmission parallels neuromodulation in a central food-intake circuit

    Philipp Schlegel et al.
    Connectomic analysis demonstrates that a brain circuit, that may be conserved between flies and mammals, uses both fast synaptic transmission as well as peptidergic neuromodulation to connect chemosensory and endocrine systems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular and neurochemical basis of sleep stages in the thalamocortical network

    Giri P Krishnan et al.
    A computational model of the thalamocortical network explains sleep stages by the coordinated variations in the level of neuromodulators and predicts differences of sleep pattern in human, cat and mouse recordings.
    1. Neuroscience

    An extrasynaptic GABAergic signal modulates a pattern of forward movement in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Yu Shen et al.
    The activity of a set of GABAergic neurons is causally linked with a locomotory pattern in moving animals, and the mechanisms underlying the neuromodulatory role of GABA are illuminated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomic evidence for dense intracortical neuropeptide networks

    Stephen J Smith et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing data from mouse neocortex expose evidence for peptidergic neuromodulation networks that locally interconnect every cortical neuron.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insights into the dynamic control of breathing revealed through cell-type-specific responses to substance P

    Nathan A Baertsch, Jan-Marino Ramirez
    The neuromodulator substance P enhances mechanisms of recurrent excitation between breaths to control breathing frequency and stability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of entropy in neural models of environmental state

    Timothy H Muller et al.
    Evidence for neuromodulatory control of flexibility in human neural models.

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