692 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Islet vascularization is regulated by primary endothelial cilia via VEGF-A-dependent signaling

    Yan Xiong et al.
    Primary cilia on endothelial cells are required for VEGF-A/ VEGFR2-dependent signaling, islet vascularization and, consequently, nutrient delivery and insulin disposal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical astrocytes independently regulate sleep depth and duration via separate GPCR pathways

    Trisha V Vaidyanathan et al.
    Cortical astrocytes play key roles in NREM sleep by regulating sleep depth and duration through separate GPCR pathways, and differentially control neuronal slow-wave activity in local and remote cortical circuits.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A simple and effective F0 knockout method for rapid screening of behaviour and other complex phenotypes

    François Kroll et al.
    Zebrafish knockouts can be generated in a few hours directly from wild-type eggs and are suitable for studying continuous traits, including behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal selectivity declines in the aging human auditory cortex

    Julia Erb et al.
    The aged human auditory cortex shows preserved tonotopy, but temporal modulations are represented with a markedly broader tuning, highlighting decreased temporal selectivity as a hallmark of the aging auditory cortex.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    GPIHBP1 expression in gliomas promotes utilization of lipoprotein-derived nutrients

    Xuchen Hu et al.
    The expression of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) transporter GPIHBP1 in glioma capillaries promotes the LPL-mediated processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, thereby providing lipid nutrients for glioma cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The microbiota protects from viral-induced neurologic damage through microglia-intrinsic TLR signaling

    D Garrett Brown et al.
    Immune stimulation from the microbiota prevents neurological damage associated with viral infection of the central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Timing mechanism of sexually dimorphic nervous system differentiation

    Laura Pereira et al.
    The timing of sexual differentiation in the brain of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is controlled by a phylogenetically conserved pathway of gene regulatory factors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Involvement of the Acyl-CoA binding domain containing 7 in the control of food intake and energy expenditure in mice

    Damien Lanfray et al.
    The Acyl-CoA binding domain-containing 7 (Acbd7) gene is expressed in the hypothalamus, encodes a peptide that suppresses appetite, increases metabolic rate and interacts with the leptin-melanocortin system.

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