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    1. Neuroscience

    Brain-wide mapping of neural activity controlling zebrafish exploratory locomotion

    Timothy W Dunn et al.
    Whole-brain activity imaging in larval zebrafish reveals brain regions that influence patterns of spontaneous movement to increase local exploration efficiency.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evidence for evolutionary divergence of activity-dependent gene expression in developing neurons

    Jing Qiu et al.
    The transcriptional response of human neurons to calcium ion signals shows evolutionary divergence from those responses elicited in mouse neurons, providing evidence in favour of using human systems to study neuronal responses to external stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent neural activity in auditory cortex is related to auditory working memory in humans and nonhuman primates

    Ying Huang et al.
    The auditory cortex temporarily stores task-relevant information by persistently changed neuronal activity of single neurons and of neuronal populations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent Golgi satellite formation in dendrites reshapes the neuronal surface glycoproteome

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    Neuronal activity triggers the dispersal of the Golgi into dendritic Golgi satellites, leading to reshaping of the neuronal surface glycoproteome through processing of glycans to mature, sialic acid-containing forms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhancing mitochondrial activity in neurons protects against neurodegeneration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

    Sina C Rosenkranz et al.
    Inducing neuronal mitochondrial activity during central nervous system inflammation counteracts inflammation-induced neuronal electron transport chain deficiency and calcium toxicity, thereby protecting against neuronal loss in a multiple sclerosis mouse model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity via induction of its own receptor in the paraventricular nucleus

    Zhigang Shi et al.
    Leptin acts in the paraventricular nucleus to slowly increase sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue via induction of its own receptor in TRH glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    The DEG/ENaC cation channel protein UNC-8 drives activity-dependent synapse removal in remodeling GABAergic neurons

    Tyne W Miller-Fleming et al.
    The protein UNC-8 is a neuronal activity sensor that triggers the elimination of synapses during development of the nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitive red protein calcium indicators for imaging neural activity

    Hod Dana et al.
    Protein engineering and large-scale screening has led to the development of sensitive red fluorescent indicators that detect neural activity with high sensitivity in various animal models.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glia actively sculpt sensory neurons by controlled phagocytosis to tune animal behavior

    Stephan Raiders et al.
    A peripheral sense-organ glia actively engulfs fragments of a sensory neuron ending to modify neuron shape and associated animal sensory behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans..