2,174 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Extensive and diverse patterns of cell death sculpt neural networks in insects

    Sinziana Pop et al.
    Developmental cell death plays a key role during insect neurogenesis and is increased in specific neuronal populations in flies that have evolved flightlessness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localized hypoxia within the subgranular zone determines the early survival of newborn hippocampal granule cells

    Christina Chatzi et al.
    Neural progenitors reside in relative low oxygen in the subgranular zone (SGZ), and the higher tissue oxygen levels that these cells must face as they migrate away from the hypoxic areas and differentiate appear to cause oxidative damage and an early phase of cell death.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal integration in the adult mouse olfactory bulb is a non-selective addition process

    Jean-Claude Platel et al.
    Adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb is not a turnover system but represents a lifelong neuronal addition mechanism.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Polyploidy in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shyama Nandakumar et al.
    Terminally differentiated neurons and glia can re-enter the cell cycle to become polyploid in the adult fly brain, to protect cells from DNA damage-associated death.
    1. Neuroscience

    The critical role of membralin in postnatal motor neuron survival and disease

    Bo Yang et al.
    Membralin mutant mice manifest a severe and early-onset motor neuron disease with defects in endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein degradation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Olfactory receptor accessory proteins play crucial roles in receptor function and gene choice

    Ruchira Sharma et al.
    G protein-coupled odorant receptors regulate their own gene transcription based on their cell surface trafficking, which is facilitated by receptor transporting protein (RTP) family members.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frizzled3 controls axonal development in distinct populations of cranial and spinal motor neurons

    Zhong L Hua et al.
    The signaling molecule Frizzled3 plays a part in the development of the nervous system by controlling the ability of motor neurons to form connections with distant target muscles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    CO2-evoked release of PGE2 modulates sighs and inspiration as demonstrated in brainstem organotypic culture

    David Forsberg et al.
    Novel brainstem organotypic cultures that generate rhythmic respiratory motor activity reveal the neural networks that control breathing and a new pathway in the hypercapnic response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical astrocytes independently regulate sleep depth and duration via separate GPCR pathways

    Trisha V Vaidyanathan et al.
    Cortical astrocytes play key roles in NREM sleep by regulating sleep depth and duration through separate GPCR pathways, and differentially control neuronal slow-wave activity in local and remote cortical circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Defined neuronal populations drive fatal phenotype in a mouse model of Leigh syndrome

    Irene Bolea et al.
    Glutamatergic brainstem neurons drive motor and respiratory deficits, and GABAergic basal ganglia neurons cause hypothermia and fatal epileptic events, in a model of mitochondrial disease.

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