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    1. Neuroscience

    Tracing neuronal circuits in transgenic animals by transneuronal control of transcription (TRACT)

    Ting-hao Huang et al.
    A new method that will allow researchers to visualize and genetically manipulate synaptically connected neurons in a brain circuit.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of competitive selection: A canonical neural circuit framework

    Shreesh P Mysore, Ninad B Kothari
    A first principles, neuro-computational framework proposes a path for the experimental dissection of neural circuit mechanisms of competitive selection across brain areas and animal species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporally specific engagement of distinct neuronal circuits regulating olfactory habituation in Drosophila

    Ourania Semelidou et al.
    Habituation to brief olfactory stimulation is biphasic and mediated by distinct neuronal circuits where an initial latency phase is rapidly followed by stimulus devaluation signifying behavioral habituation in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural circuit mechanism for regulating vocal variability during song learning in zebra finches

    Jonathan Garst-Orozco et al.
    By demonstrating song learning-related synaptic strengthening and pruning in the vocal control circuits of songbirds, and showing how such changes can reduce the sensitivity of the circuit to ‘noisy’ inputs, a simple neural circuit mechanism for regulating motor variability during motor skill learning is identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hidden synaptic differences in a neural circuit underlie differential behavioral susceptibility to a neural injury

    Akira Sakurai et al.
    Animal-to-animal variability in neural circuit elements is often hidden under normal conditions, but becomes functionally relevant when the system is challenged by injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Conserved neural circuit structure across Drosophila larval development revealed by comparative connectomics

    Stephan Gerhard et al.
    The connectivity structure of a nociceptive circuit is precisely maintained over Drosophila larval development through cell type-specific increases in synaptic contacts as measured from electron microscopy reconstructions, while individual neurons grow five-fold in size and number of synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide F regulates courtship in Drosophila through a male-specific neuronal circuit

    Weiwei Liu et al.
    Functional dissection of a cluster of male-specific neurons in Drosophila reveals a neuronal circuit regulating male courtship in accordance with the internal drive state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry coordinating male copulation

    Hania J Pavlou et al.
    A circuit consisting of motor neurons, inhibitory interneurons and mechanosensory neurons controls copulatory behaviour in male fruit flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic premotor circuit tracing reveals neural substrates for oro-motor coordination

    Edward Stanek IV et al.
    Retrograde tracing of the neural circuits that control movement of the jaw and tongue reveals how shared premotor neurons help to ensure coordinated muscle activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural circuit for gamma-band coherence across the retinotopic map in mouse visual cortex

    Richard Hakim et al.
    A neural circuit between layer 2/3 pyramidal cells and somatostatin-expressing inhibitory neurons synchronizes spatially separated regions of the visual cortex to gamma rhythms.