3,848 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neurons and cerebral organoids vs isogenic controls

    Swagata Ghatak et al.
    Increased excitation and decreased inhibition associated with abnormal neuronal morphology, aberrant ion channel properties, and synaptic dysfunction contribute to hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neuronal cultures and cerebral organoids.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A 3D culture model of innervated human skeletal muscle enables studies of the adult neuromuscular junction

    Mohsen Afshar Bakooshli et al.
    Human skeletal muscle progenitors and motor neurons self-organize in three-dimensional co-culture to form functional neuromuscular junctions that developmentally mature from the embryonic to the adult state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome dynamics during homeostatic scaling in cultured neurons

    Aline Ricarda Dörrbaum et al.
    Dynamic SILAC labeling in combination with mass spectrometry revealed substantial regulation of protein synthesis, degradation, turnover, and abundance during homeostatic scaling in neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Suppressor of fused controls perinatal expansion and quiescence of future dentate adult neural stem cells

    Hirofumi Noguchi et al.
    Sufu controls dentate gyrus stem cell quiescence by acting as a positive regulator of Shh signaling and loss of Sufu leads to dramatic failure to produce sufficient quiescent stem cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    CytoCensus, mapping cell identity and division in tissues and organs using machine learning

    Martin Hailstone et al.
    Easy-to-use image analysis software enables single cell quantitation of cell types and division rates in complex 3D tissues including living Drosophila brains, mouse embryos and Zebrafish organoids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience, circuit dynamics, and forebrain recruitment in larval zebrafish prey capture

    Claire S Oldfield et al.
    Experience strengthens hunting in larval zebrafish by recruiting the forebrain to increase the prey-evoked activity in visual areas and trigger motor activity and prey capture.
    1. Neuroscience

    The C-terminal helix 9 motif in rat cannabinoid receptor type 1 regulates axonal trafficking and surface expression

    Alexandra Fletcher-Jones et al.
    An intracellular H9 motif facilitates the highly localised axonal surface expression of CB1R.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term adult human brain slice cultures as a model system to study human CNS circuitry and disease

    Niklas Schwarz et al.
    Viral transduction and gene manipulation of adult human brain slices will be of great value allowing investigations including therapeutic screening, electrophysiological and structural studies of properties of human CNS circuitry.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Saccadic suppression as a perceptual consequence of efficient sensorimotor estimation

    Frédéric Crevecoeur, Konrad P Kording
    Neural computations necessary for efficient control of saccades capture the phenomenon of saccadic suppression, which suggests that neural resources are shared for perception and control.

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