1,615 results found
  1. Blue sound waves on black background

    Episode 63: January 2020

    In this episode we hear about a fall in average body temperature over time, how our brain encodes seasons, why members of underrepresented communities leave academia and more.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tuning movement for sensing in an uncertain world

    Chen Chen et al.
    Animals work in a world full of surprises, where using energy to position sensors proportional to the location's expected information avoids the pitfalls of positioning them at the information maxima.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The dimeric Golgi protein Gorab binds to Sas6 as a monomer to mediate centriole duplication

    Agnieszka Fatalska et al.
    The dual functional protein, Gorab, associates with the Golgi as a dimer but as a monomer with the procentriole cartwheel protein, Sas6, to mediate centriole duplication.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Rapid adaptation to malaria facilitated by admixture in the human population of Cabo Verde

    Iman Hamid et al.
    Admixture-mediated adaptation to malaria in a human population demonstrates that detectible signatures in genomic patterns of ancestry can be leveraged to better characterize recent selection in populations with mixed ancestry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Sec1/Munc18 protein Vps45 holds the Qa-SNARE Tlg2 in an open conformation

    Travis J Eisemann et al.
    Whereas in a paradigmatic structure an SM protein chaperone clamps its client SNARE shut, a second structure demonstrates that an SM protein can also hold its SNARE open to promote assembly.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell niche exit in C. elegans via orientation and segregation of daughter cells by a cryptic cell outside the niche

    Kacy L Gordon et al.
    A previously undetected dynamic cell structure orients the mitotic spindle of germ stem cells and grows over one daughter cell, thus helping to balance niche retention with niche exit.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Protein phosphatase 1 activity controls a balance between collective and single cell modes of migration

    Yujun Chen et al.
    Protein phosphatase 1 activity promotes cohesive collective cell migration by restricting actomyosin contractility to the periphery of the collective and maintaining proper cadherin–catenin complex protein levels at cell–cell junctions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social structure learning in human anterior insula

    Tatiana Lau et al.
    A domain-general structure learning mechanism, supported by anterior insula, moves beyond explicit category labels and dyadic similarity as the sole inputs to social group representations and predicts ally-choice behavior.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Helix breaking transition in the S4 of HCN channel is critical for hyperpolarization-dependent gating

    Marina A Kasimova et al.
    The gating polarity of a voltage-gated ion channel is primarily determined by turn propensity of residues at a critical position in the middle of the S4 voltage-sensing helix.

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