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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interrogating the recognition landscape of a conserved HIV-specific TCR reveals distinct bacterial peptide cross-reactivity

    Juan L Mendoza et al.
    Potential for specific microbiome-directed, MHC-restricted shaping of a commonly selected HIV-specific CD8+ T cell population was suggested by MHC class I yeast display-based peptide screening approaches.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    EphA7 promotes myogenic differentiation via cell-cell contact

    Laura L Arnold et al.
    The juxtacrine signaling molecule EphA7, when expressed on terminally-differentiated myocytes, non-cell-autonomously induces adjacent myoblasts to also commit to terminal differentiation leading to rapid coordinated differentiation across the entire population.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep generative models for T cell receptor protein sequences

    Kristian Davidsen et al.
    Deep learning improves estimation of T cell receptor cohort frequencies and learns the rules of VDJ recombination, potentially making it helpful for vaccine design.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SCGN deficiency results in colitis susceptibility

    Luis F Sifuentes-Dominguez et al.
    A novel mutation in SCGN is associated with risk for inflammatory bowel disease and implicates the intestinal neuroendocrine compartment in the pathogenesis of this disorder.
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The ER membrane protein complex is required to ensure correct topology and stable expression of flavivirus polyproteins

    Ashley M Ngo et al.
    The ER membrane protein complex (EMC) facilitates the correct topology of the flavivirus non-structural proteins NS4A and NS4B at the ER membrane critical for viral replication.
    1. Neuroscience

    Navigating the garden of forking paths for data exclusions in fear conditioning research

    Tina B Lonsdorf et al.
    Exclusion of participants in tasks with a learning element can introduce substantial bias and needs to be carefully considered and transparently reported and justified.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of several thousand highly diverse circular DNA viruses

    Michael J Tisza et al.
    A bioinformatics pipeline has annotated over 2,500 complete genomes of circular DNA viruses belonging to dozens of established and emerging viral families.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The structure of species discrimination signals across a primate radiation

    Sandra Winters et al.
    Machine learning and experimental tests of receiver bias identify signal components critical to correct species classification in guenons, linking face pattern diversity to selection for species discrimination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bayesian analysis of retinotopic maps

    Noah C Benson, Jonathan Winawer
    A novel Bayesian method of modeling retinotopic maps is more accurate than traditional voxel-wise methods and can be used to automatically derive high-quality maps.