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    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal raphe nucleus to anterior cingulate cortex 5-HTergic neural circuit modulates consolation and sociability

    Laifu Li et al.
    Inhibition of 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nuclei or 5-HT terminals in the anterior cingulate cortex decreased consolation-like behaviors and reduced sociability.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    GTPBP1 resolves paused ribosomes to maintain neuronal homeostasis

    Markus Terrey et al.
    The translational GTPase GTPBP1 prevents ribosome stalling during tRNA deficiency and is necessary for neuronal survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TWIST1 and chromatin regulatory proteins interact to guide neural crest cell differentiation

    Xiaochen Fan et al.
    Network propagation connects TWIST1 with epigenetic regulators CHD7, CHD8, and WHSC1, which collectively promote the bias toward neural crest while suppressing neural stem cell programmes, and subsequently enhance ectomesenchyme potential.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural pattern change during encoding of a narrative predicts retrospective duration estimates

    Olga Lositsky et al.
    Judgments of how much time elapsed between two events in a story are predicted by changes in fMRI activity patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust and distributed neural representation of action values

    Eun Ju Shin et al.
    Action-value signals previously found in many brain areas can be accounted for neither by concurrent serial correlations in neural activity and action value nor by signals for other decision variables.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Species and cell-type properties of classically defined human and rodent neurons and glia

    Xiao Xu et al.
    Gene expression and epigenetic profiling of defined cell types in the central nervous system of mouse, rat, and human reveals inter-species and inter-individual differences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Response repetition biases in human perceptual decisions are explained by activity decay in competitive attractor models

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Residual activity from previous trials in a biophysical decision network model causes biases in choice behavior such that a previous response is more likely to be repeated.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pou3f1 promotes neural fate commitment via activation of neural lineage genes and inhibition of external signaling pathways

    Qingqing Zhu et al.
    The transcription factor Pou3f1 triggers embryonic stem cells to become neuronal progenitor cells in two ways: by activating the expression of pro-neuronal genes and by blocking external inhibitory signaling cascades.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Noise promotes independent control of gamma oscillations and grid firing within recurrent attractor networks

    Lukas Solanka et al.
    Random fluctuations in neuronal firing may enable a single brain region, the medial entorhinal cortex, to perform distinct roles in cognition (by generating gamma waves) and spatial navigation (by producing a grid cell map).
    1. Neuroscience

    Projection neurons in Drosophila antennal lobes signal the acceleration of odor concentrations

    Anmo J Kim et al.
    Neurons in the fruit fly olfactory system respond most strongly to the sudden appearance of an odor, and to odors that are changing rapidly in strength, but are relatively insensitive to the absolute levels of an odor.