4,942 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Differences and similarities between human and chimpanzee neural progenitors during cerebral cortex development

    Felipe Mora-Bermúdez et al.
    Neural progenitors in humans and chimpanzee organoids show remarkably similar cellular and molecular parameters, but metaphase is longer during human mitosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phase-tuned neuronal firing encodes human contextual representations for navigational goals

    Andrew J Watrous et al.
    Prospective navigational goals are represented by single neuron firing rates and firing relative to slow oscillatory phase (phase coding) in the human medial temporal lobe.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of cell protrusions by small GTPases during fusion of the neural folds

    Ana Rolo et al.
    The completion of neural tube closure requires small GTPase-regulated membrane protrusions from non-neural ectoderm cells at the tips of the neural folds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autocorrelation structure at rest predicts value correlates of single neurons during reward-guided choice

    Sean E Cavanagh et al.
    Variability in individual neurons' temporal receptive fields of integration is found to explain the heterogeneity of neuronal responses observed in prefrontal cortex during reward-guided decision making.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Planar cell polarity-mediated induction of neural stem cell expansion during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Aida Rodrigo Albors et al.
    During axolotl spinal cord regeneration adult neural stem cells reactivate an embryonic neuroepithelial cell-like gene program that implements planar cell polarity to orient cell divisions, coupling polarized spinal cord growth with stem cell self-renewal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent firing in LEC III neurons is differentially modulated by learning and aging

    Carmen Lin et al.
    Temporal associative learning enhances persistent firing in lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC) layer III neurons, while aging decreases persistent firing, leading to cognitive impairments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome dynamics during homeostatic scaling in cultured neurons

    Aline Ricarda Dörrbaum et al.
    Dynamic SILAC labeling in combination with mass spectrometry revealed substantial regulation of protein synthesis, degradation, turnover, and abundance during homeostatic scaling in neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lunatic fringe-mediated Notch signaling regulates adult hippocampal neural stem cell maintenance

    Fatih Semerci et al.
    In adult mouse hippocampus, neural stem cell and their progeny communicate via Lunatic Fringe mediated Notch signaling to regulate stem cell quiescence, division, and fate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the NK2 homeobox gene ceh-24 reveals sublateral motor neuron control of left-right turning during sleep

    Juliane Schwarz, Henrik Bringmann
    A genetic analysis has identified the cholinergic SIA sublateral motor neurons, which innervate all four body wall muscles separately, as crucial regulators of turning around during sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA regulates Dcc alternative splicing during neuronal migration and axon guidance in the spinal cord

    Janelle C Leggere et al.
    Alternative splicing of the Dcc gene, which is controlled by the NOVA RNA-binding proteins, is crucial during neuronal migration and axon guidance.

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