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    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic tracing maps brain-wide afferent oligodendrocyte precursor cell connectivity

    Christopher W Mount et al.
    Oligodendrocyte precursor cells receive brain-wide, circuit-specific intracortical, coritcocortical and thalamocortical synaptic inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal microcircuits comprising dI3 interneurons are necessary for motor functional recovery following spinal cord transection

    Tuan V Bui et al.
    A genetically-defined population of spinal interneurons is reciprocally connected with spinal locomotor circuits and mediates recovery of locomotor function following spinal cord transection.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    MeCP2 nuclear dynamics in live neurons results from low and high affinity chromatin interactions

    Francesco M Piccolo et al.
    Single molecular imaging of MeCP2 at high spatial/temporal resolution identifies distinct structural domains contributing to its dynamic behaviors and chromatin interactions in live neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid whole brain imaging of neural activity in freely behaving larval zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    Lin Cong et al.
    The integration of a novel high spatiotemporal resolution volume imaging technique and a fast 3D tracking system allows capturing whole brain neural activities in a freely behaving larval zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balancing model-based and memory-free action selection under competitive pressure

    Atsushi Kikumoto, Ulrich Mayr
    People compete by trying to outsmart their opponents as long as they win, but show random behavior, and neural signs of suppressing knowledge about opponents’ strategies, when they lose.
    1. Neuroscience

    The recovery of standing and locomotion after spinal cord injury does not require task-specific training

    Jonathan Harnie et al.
    Restoring locomotion after complete spinal cord injury does not require locomotor training, only the return of sufficient excitability within neurons of the spinal cord.
    1. Neuroscience

    Skill learning strengthens cortical representations of motor sequences

    Tobias Wiestler, Jörn Diedrichsen
    Detailed analysis of fMRI data shows that sequences of movements are associated with individual patterns of neural activity that become more distinct with training.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell assemblies at multiple time scales with arbitrary lag constellations

    Eleonora Russo, Daniel Durstewitz
    A novel statistical algorithm for mining high-dimensional spike train (count) data for significant spatio-temporal patterns reveals new insights into task and brain area dependent functional organization of neural activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct recruitment of dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatum erodes with extended training

    Youna Vandaele et al.
    Dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatal neural activity differ during early learning of action sequences but do not change with performance improvement across sessions, and become similar after extended training.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational models of O-LM cells are recruited by low or high theta frequency inputs depending on h-channel distributions

    Vladislav Sekulić, Frances K Skinner
    The contribution of biophysical ion channels to neuron function can be predicted by taking advantage of an ongoing dialogue between model and experiment.