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    1. Neuroscience

    Firing rate-dependent phase responses of Purkinje cells support transient oscillations

    Yunliang Zang et al.
    Computational and theoretical models show that rate adaptation of phase responses can regulate Purkinje cell outputs by forming transient oscillations in fast-spiking neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ephrin-B3 controls excitatory synapse density through cell-cell competition for EphBs

    Nathan T Henderson et al.
    Competition between neurons for postsynaptic ephrin-B3 controls distribution of a limited pool of synapses and defines a novel trans-synaptic mechanism enabling neurons to set the number of synapses they receive.
    1. Neuroscience

    Revealing the distribution of transmembrane currents along the dendritic tree of a neuron from extracellular recordings

    Dorottya Cserpán et al.
    A computational method reveals current sources along the dendritic tree of a single neuron of known morphology from extracellular potential.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural-level model of spatial memory and imagery

    Andrej Bicanski, Neil Burgess
    The BB model explains spatial cognition in terms of interactions between specific neuronal populations, providing a common computational framework for the human neuropsychological and in vivo animal electrophysiological literatures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal synapses between mushroom body and dopamine neurons form a positive feedback loop required for learning

    Isaac Cervantes-Sandoval et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of axonal-axonal reciprocal connections between dopamine neurons and Kenyon cells provides insight into the brain computations for normal associative olfactory learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bitter taste receptors confer diverse functions to neurons

    Rebecca Delventhal, John R Carlson
    Expression of Drosophila bitter receptors in taste neurons produced increased, decreased, or novel responses, supporting a model in which the response profile is determined by activation, inhibition, or competition among receptors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mixed-mode oscillations and population bursting in the pre-Bötzinger complex

    Bartholomew J Bacak et al.
    Computational modeling reveals the mechanisms by which a diverse group of neurons in the brainstem generates rhythmic breathing in mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual processing of informative multipoint correlations arises primarily in V2

    Yunguo Yu et al.
    Building on recent findings that central sensory processing allocates resources according to the informativeness of statistical features (Hermundstad et al., 2014), we identify visual area V2 as the site of the relevant computations for local image statistics, thus providing a common underpinning for diverse aspects of its neuronal selectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paradoxical response reversal of top-down modulation in cortical circuits with three interneuron types

    Luis Carlos Garcia del Molino et al.
    Computational simulations and mathematical derivations reveal why the response of neural populations to external modulation is sometimes reversed with respect to what intuition would lead to believe in cortical circuits with multiple types of inhibitory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Can sleep protect memories from catastrophic forgetting?

    Oscar C González et al.
    Computational modeling predicts that sleep replay plays a protective role against catastrophic forgetting by revealing synaptic mechanisms allowing overlapping populations of neurons to store multiple interfering memories.