360 results found
    1. Medicine

    Restored TDCA and valine levels imitate the effects of bariatric surgery

    Markus Quante et al.
    Restored taurodeoxycholic acid and valine levels imitate the effects of bariatric surgery on weight loss and obesity-related disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contribution of dorsal horn CGRP-expressing interneurons to mechanical sensitivity

    Line S Löken et al.
    Although primary sensory neuron-derived calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) contributes to the processing of pain messages, an understudied population of dorsal horn CGRP-expressing interneurons also contributes to the processing of mechanical sensitivity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ketogenic diet restrains aging-induced exacerbation of coronavirus infection in mice

    Seungjin Ryu et al.
    Ketogenic diet protects against coronavirus-infected aged mice, which, like humans, are significantly more susceptible to infections, by deactivating NLRP3 inflammasome, reducing pathogenic monotypes, and expanding γδ T cells in the lung.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The cryptic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuronal system of human basal ganglia

    Katalin Skrapits et al.
    Neuroanatomical studies reveal presence and cholinergic phenotype of 150,000-200,000 extrahypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in human basal ganglia and basal forebrain, and RNA-sequencing detects gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor-1 expression in cholinergic interneurons but not in spiny projection neurons of the human putamen.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamus and claustrum control parallel layer 1 circuits in retrosplenial cortex

    Ellen KW Brennan et al.
    Parallel input streams to layer 1 identify a computationally distinct principal neuronal subtype ideally positioned to support spatial orientation computations in the granular retrosplenial cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    In silico analysis of the transcriptional regulatory logic of neuronal identity specification throughout the C. elegans nervous system

    Lori Glenwinkel et al.
    Neuron type-specific gene batteries share cis-regulatory motifs.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Prop1-like homeobox gene unc-42 specifies the identity of synaptically connected neurons

    Emily G Berghoff et al.
    Circuit transcription factors may define the differentiation and assembly of distinct neurons into functional circuitry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Quantitative mapping of human hair greying and reversal in relation to life stress

    Ayelet M Rosenberg et al.
    A method to profile hair pigmentation patterns establishes a new approach for psychobiological studies and links metabolic changes to greying in humans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 channels regulate early postnatal neurogenesis in mouse hippocampus via the TrkB signaling pathway

    Shu-Min Chou et al.
    Kv1.1 potassium channels regulate postnatal neurogenesis in the hippocampus via increasing the membrane excitability that activates the TrkB signaling pathway in a cell-autonomous manner.

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