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    1. Neuroscience

    'Artiphysiology' reveals V4-like shape tuning in a deep network trained for image classification

    Dean A Pospisil et al.
    Single units in a deep convolutional neural network trained for image classification develop shape selectivity that is similar to that found in the primate visual cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Systematic examination of low-intensity ultrasound parameters on human motor cortex excitability and behavior

    Anton Fomenko et al.
    Transcranial low-intensity ultrasound applied in block design and at low duty cycles and longer sonication durations can safely and non-invasively suppress human motor-evoked potentials, possibly via GABA-A-mediated inhibitory pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feedback contribution to surface motion perception in the human early visual cortex

    Ingo Marquardt et al.
    Novel evidence for a role of feedback in the perception of uniform surfaces in the human brain suggests that feedback already re-enters at an early visual processing stage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Testing sensory evidence against mnemonic templates

    Nicholas E Myers et al.
    Visual search templates are reactivated only temporarily to act as input filters for target detection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transsynaptic mapping of Drosophila mushroom body output neurons

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Transsynaptic mapping of the postsynaptic connections of mushroom body output neurons reveal both divergent and convergent projections allowing for multimodal integration prior to initiation of an output response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Confidence predicts speed-accuracy tradeoff for subsequent decisions

    Kobe Desender et al.
    Neural coding of previous-trial confidence affects current decision policy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons drive fear extinction learning by signaling the omission of expected aversive outcomes

    Ximena I Salinas-Hernández et al.
    Dopamine signaling is necessary for normal fear extinction learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increasing suppression of saccade-related transients along the human visual hierarchy

    Tal Golan et al.
    Similar to spontaneous eye blinks perceptual stability, despite small saccades, is related to actively silencing transients in the high-level ends of both ventral and dorsal visual cortices, while activity in low-level visual cortex remains unstable.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.