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    1. Neuroscience

    Seasonal plasticity in GABAA signaling is necessary for restoring phase synchrony in the master circadian clock network

    Kayla E Rohr et al.
    A seasonal switch to excitatory GABAA signaling dictates how daily clock neurons interact to encode environmental change.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Correlated evolution between repertoire size and song plasticity predicts that sexual selection on song promotes open-ended learning

    Cristina M Robinson et al.
    A longer birdsong-learning window evolves in response to sexual selection for song complexity and is associated with faster evolution of song performance characteristics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Infants are superior in implicit crossmodal learning and use other learning mechanisms than adults

    Sophie Rohlf et al.
    Electrophysiological activity indicates superior implicit crossmodal learning in infants and a change in learning mode from infancy to adulthood.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intramuscular Neurotrophin-3 normalizes low threshold spinal reflexes, reduces spasms and improves mobility after bilateral corticospinal tract injury in rats

    Claudia Kathe et al.
    Delayed intramuscular gene therapy with neurotrophin-3 after corticospinal tract injury reduces spasticity and improves locomotion by treating underlying causes of spasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Maintenance of homeostatic plasticity at the Drosophila neuromuscular synapse requires continuous IP3-directed signaling

    Thomas D James et al.
    Synapses employ distinct acute and chronic signaling processes in order to maintain physiologically appropriate levels of function.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell non-autonomous regulation of health and longevity

    Hillary A Miller et al.
    Modulation of the aging process through cell signaling represents a recent and exciting area of study with the potential for development of therapeutics to extend human health.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Movement maintains forebrain neurogenesis via peripheral neural feedback in larval zebrafish

    Zachary Jonas Hall, Vincent Tropepe
    Early postembryonic bodily movement sends neural feedback through dorsal root ganglia to the forebrain in order to regulate the rate of neurogenesis and subsequent brain growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Electric field causes volumetric changes in the human brain

    Miklos Argyelan et al.
    The electroconvulsive therapy induced electric field magnitude and laterality is related to volumetric increases in cortical and subcortical structures, but the association with clinical outcomes remains elusive.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of microglia and their CX3CR1 signaling in adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb

    Ronen Reshef et al.
    During adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb, microglia regulate the elimination (pruning), formation, and maintenance of synapses on newborn neurons, contributing to the functional integrity of the olfactory bulb circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeted deletion of AKAP7 in dentate granule cells impairs spatial discrimination

    Brian W Jones et al.
    The PKA anchoring protein, AKAP7, localizes PKA in dentate granule mossy fibers and this localization plays an important role in contextual discrimination and cAMP-induced synaptic plasticity.