316 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin signaling controls neurotransmission via the 4eBP-dependent modification of the exocytotic machinery

    Rebekah Elizabeth Mahoney et al.
    By regulating protein translation within the neuron, insulin signaling can control neuronal activity by altering the release of neurotransmitter molecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous and evoked neurotransmission are partially segregated at inhibitory synapses

    Patricia M Horvath et al.
    GABAergic postsynaptic responses mediated by spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release are partially segregated, suggesting they may serve distinct roles in neuronal signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single synapse evaluation of the postsynaptic NMDA receptors targeted by evoked and spontaneous neurotransmission

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    In a population of mammalian central synapses, spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release processes are independently distributed; yet, postsynaptic receptors within a single synapse preferentially receive neurotransmitter from only one mode of release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit mechanisms encoding odors and driving aging-associated behavioral declines in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Sarah G Leinwand et al.
    Neurotransmission pathways from primary to secondary neurons encode odor and underlie age-related sensory behavioral declines.
    1. Neuroscience

    Therapeutic effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation in a rat model of ADHD

    Da Hee Jung et al.
    High-definition anodal transcranial stimulation alleviated cognitive deficits, affected dopaminergic neurotransmission factors, increased expression of several neurotrophic factors involving brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and activated hippocampal neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell neurotransmission patterns cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules defined by distinct pinceau sizes

    Joy Zhou et al.
    Targeted genetic silencing and reporter labeling reveal that Purkinje cell activity organizes cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules based on the sizes of their projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Estrogenic-dependent glutamatergic neurotransmission from kisspeptin neurons governs feeding circuits in females

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Estrogen increases hypothalamic arcuate kisspeptin neuronal excitability and glutamate release to coordinate autonomic functions for maximizing reproductive success.
    1. Neuroscience

    The β-alanine transporter BalaT is required for visual neurotransmission in Drosophila

    Yongchao Han et al.
    BalaT-dependent β-alanine trafficking pathway in retinal pigment cells is critical for maintaining synaptic transmission of photoreceptor neurons in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    MCTP is an ER-resident calcium sensor that stabilizes synaptic transmission and homeostatic plasticity

    Özgür Genç et al.
    MCTP is a novel presynaptic calcium sensor, resident within the endoplasmic reticulum, that is required for normal baseline neurotransmission, short-term synaptic plasticity and presynaptic homeostatic plasticity.

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