630 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical ChAT+ neurons co-transmit acetylcholine and GABA in a target- and brain-region-specific manner

    Adam J Granger et al.
    Most ChAT-expressing interneurons are a subset VIP+ interneurons that differentially release GABA and acetylcholine onto different post-synaptic targets, while a separate population of non-VIP ChAT+ neurons release acetylcholine in mPFC.
    1. Neuroscience

    Highly redundant neuropeptide volume co-transmission underlying episodic activation of the GnRH neuron dendron

    Xinhuai Liu et al.
    The arcuate nucleus kisspeptin neurons express multiple transmitters but use only the neuropeptide kisspeptin to drive the episodic secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A genetic, genomic, and computational resource for exploring neural circuit function

    Fred P Davis et al.
    Transcriptomes of cells in the Drosophila visual system combined with anatomy and other information reveal new functional insight into the visual circuit.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons sustain inhibitory transmission using plasma membrane uptake of GABA, not synthesis

    Nicolas X Tritsch et al.
    The molecular mechanisms by which midbrain dopamine neurons acquire the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA for synaptic release are revealed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sound exposure dynamically induces dopamine synthesis in cholinergic LOC efferents for feedback to auditory nerve fibers

    Jingjing Sherry Wu et al.
    Based on the animal’s recent history of sound exposure, cholinergic auditory brainstem neurons dynamically regulate dopamine synthesis for inhibitory feedback to the inner ear.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential regulation of the Drosophila sleep homeostat by circadian and arousal inputs

    Jinfei D Ni et al.
    Functional imaging and circuit mapping in the Drosophila brain identifies neuropils where sleep-promoting and arousal-promoting neuronal networks converge.
    1. Neuroscience

    An essential role of acetylcholine-glutamate synergy at habenular synapses in nicotine dependence

    Silke Frahm et al.
    Local elimination of acetylcholine synthesis in habenular neurons demonstrates a key role for vesicular synergy and neurotransmitter co-release in nicotine dependence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocyte morphogenesis is dependent on BDNF signaling via astrocytic TrkB.T1

    Leanne M Holt et al.
    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/TrkB.T1 signaling contributes to astrocyte morphological maturation, with implications for neuronal synaptogenesis and function and astrocyte functional maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tenectin recruits integrin to stabilize bouton architecture and regulate vesicle release at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction

    Qi Wang et al.
    Characterization of Tnc as a selective integrin ligand at the Drosophila NMJ allows for unprecedented insights into our understanding of extracellular matrix/integrin interactions at synaptic locations and reveals novel, distinct presynaptic and postsynaptic integrin functions.

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