90 results found
  1. A syringe injecting a clear liquid into the Earth

    Episode 56: April 2019

    In this episode, we hear about multipartite viruses, brain maps of people without hands, measles vaccinations, reproducible science, and how to spot premature babies.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpesviral lytic gene functions render the viral genome susceptible to novel editing by CRISPR/Cas9

    Hyung Suk Oh et al.
    CRISPR genome editing technology can efficiently introduce mutations into lytic and latent HSV genomes to block lytic replication and reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus genome though differential mechanisms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy regulates inflammatory programmed cell death via turnover of RHIM-domain proteins

    Junghyun Lim et al.
    Autophagy is critical for the turnover of inflammatory signaling complexes containing RHIM-domain proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Optical estimation of absolute membrane potential using fluorescence lifetime imaging

    Julia R Lazzari-Dean et al.
    Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, paired with fluorescent, voltage-sensitive dyes, provides a method for measuring and quantifying membrane potentials of living cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor clusters regulate genes in eukaryotic cells

    Adam JM Wollman et al.
    Transcription factors form clusters independently of the presence of DNA, which regulate target genes as opposed to individual monomers, addressing a longstanding question of how transcription factors can find gene targets so quickly.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq reveals hidden transcriptional variation in malaria parasites

    Adam J Reid et al.
    Plasmodium parasite transcription shifts dramatically along asexual development, and transmission stages variably express important immune evasion genes, suggesting much interesting biology has until now been hidden by bulk analyses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Pharmacological dimerization and activation of the exchange factor eIF2B antagonizes the integrated stress response

    Carmela Sidrauski et al.
    A drug-like molecule called ISRIB, which activates the translation initiation factor eIF2B, antagonizes stress responses as diverse as protein misfolding and nutrient deprivation, and restores protein synthesis, enhancing memory.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Zfp281 is essential for mouse epiblast maturation through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling

    Xin Huang et al.
    Post-implantation epiblast maturation and patterning of anterior-posterior axis in mouse embryonic development are mediated by pluripotency transcription factor Zfp281 through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling.

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