3,660 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic NF-κB and E2F interactions control the priority and timing of inflammatory signalling and cell proliferation

    John M Ankers et al.
    Cell imaging and mathematical modelling show reciprocal cross-regulation between inflammatory signalling and cell cycle timing, which is mediated through functional interactions between NF-B and E2F proteins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The insulin/IGF signaling cascade modulates SUMOylation to regulate aging and proteostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Lorna Moll et al.
    By controlling the SUMOylation of the protein CAR-1, the aging-regulating pathways downstream of the Insulin/IGF signaling cascade and of the germ cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are integrated.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The flow responsive transcription factor Klf2 is required for myocardial wall integrity by modulating Fgf signaling

    Seyed Javad Rasouli et al.
    Endocardial Klf2 regulates cardiomyocyte adhesion and myocardial wall integrity by modulating FGF signaling in zebrafish.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How HIV-1 Nef hijacks the AP-2 clathrin adaptor to downregulate CD4

    Xuefeng Ren et al.
    The structure of the Nef:AP-2 complex has been determined and used as the basis of a model that explains how HIV-1 Nef downregulates the CD4 receptor from the surface of the infected cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How IGF-1 activates its receptor

    Jennifer M Kavran et al.
    Ligand binding to the ectodomain of the insulin-like growth factor receptor destabilises an autoinhibitory inter-subunit interaction, which allows the transmembrane domains to associate and the intracellular regions to autophosphorylate.
    1. Neuroscience

    NG2 glia are required for vessel network formation during embryonic development

    Shilpi Minocha et al.
    The appearance of NG2+ glial cells in the dorsal telencephalon of the embryo coincides with the establishment of the brain blood vessel network in mice.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Etv transcription factors functionally diverge from their upstream FGF signaling in lens development

    Ankur Garg et al.
    The FGF-induced Etv transcription factors operate outside the confines of upstream signaling in lens development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Crk proteins transduce FGF signaling to promote lens fiber cell elongation

    Tamica N Collins et al.
    Crk proteins are critical mediators of FGF signaling to control cell shape changes.

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