1,390 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Neural stem cells induce the formation of their physical niche during organogenesis

    Ali Seleit et al.
    A physical niche for neural stem cells is generated by the induction of the immediate skin epithelium, a process triggered by the arrival of neural precursors during sensory organ formation in medaka.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Evolution of fibroblasts in the lung metastatic microenvironment is driven by stage-specific transcriptional plasticity

    Ophir Shani et al.
    Metastases-associated fibroblasts show stage-dependent transcriptional plasticity and their rewiring is regulated by Myc.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Temporal integration of auxin information for the regulation of patterning

    Carlos S Galvan-Ampudia et al.
    Rhythmic centrifugal waves of auxin traveling through the tissue provides high definition positional information to cells that is not only spatial but also temporal.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Control and regulation of acetate overflow in Escherichia coli

    Pierre Millard et al.
    Elucidating the control and regulation of acetate overflow in E. coli reveals that acetate is not only an end-product but also a co-substrate and a global regulator of glucose metabolism.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Productivity loss associated with functional disability in a contemporary small-scale subsistence population

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    Adult spinal fracture substantially impairs subsistence productivity, particularly for men.

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