1,870 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell niche exit in C. elegans via orientation and segregation of daughter cells by a cryptic cell outside the niche

    Kacy L Gordon et al.
    A previously undetected dynamic cell structure orients the mitotic spindle of germ stem cells and grows over one daughter cell, thus helping to balance niche retention with niche exit.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A mex3 homolog is required for differentiation during planarian stem cell lineage development

    Shu Jun Zhu et al.
    The planarian mex3-1 gene is required for non-stem cell fates and suppresses a stem cell fate in differentiating cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of non-canonical parvalbumin-containing interneurons in hippocampus of a murine model of type I lissencephaly

    Tyler G Ekins et al.
    An excess of novel non-canonical subtypes of parvalbumin+ interneurons in a mouse model of classical lissencephaly, which possess non-fast-spiking physiological properties, may contribute to network hyperexcitability common in this model.
    1. Ecology

    Regularities in species’ niches reveal the world’s climate regions

    Joaquín Calatayud et al.
    Similarities in climatic niches of terrestrial vertebrates indicate the Earth's climate regions, which differ among groups and from previous plant-based climate classifications.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mapping out Min protein patterns in fully confined fluidic chambers

    Yaron Caspi, Cees Dekker
    The geometry selection rules of dynamic Min protein patterns are determined in fully confined fluidic chambers, showing that both oscillations and running waves are derivatives of spiral rotations that are established as the majority pattern.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    C. elegans GLP-1/Notch activates transcription in a probability gradient across the germline stem cell pool

    ChangHwan Lee et al.
    Analyzing the readout of Notch signaling with single RNA precision reveals that active transcription sites are the most accurate measure of Notch-dependent transcriptional activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Subventricular zone/white matter microglia reconstitute the empty adult microglial niche in a dynamic wave

    Lindsay A Hohsfield et al.
    In an empty microglial niche, repopulating microglia arise from subventricular zone and white matter-associated areas without contributions from the bone marrow to fill the mouse brain via a spreading wave.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    JNK signaling triggers spermatogonial dedifferentiation during chronic stress to maintain the germline stem cell pool in the Drosophila testis

    Salvador C Herrera, Erika A Bach
    JNK pathway activity induces spermatogonial dedifferentiation under challenging conditions to maintain the germline stem cell pool and to endow it with potentially fitter cells that have increased proliferation.
    1. Ecology

    Algal-fungal symbiosis leads to photosynthetic mycelium

    Zhi-Yan Du et al.
    The capacity for symbiosis between photosynthetic microalgae and early diverging lineages fungi was demonstrated with microscopy and stable isotope exchange of carbon and nitrogen.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Calibration and analysis of genome-based models for microbial ecology

    Stilianos Louca, Michael Doebeli
    A novel computation tool for microbial community modeling predicts the evolution and diversification of E. coli in laboratory evolution experiments and gives insight into the underlying metabolic processes.

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