698 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Neural stem cells induce the formation of their physical niche during organogenesis

    Ali Seleit et al.
    A physical niche for neural stem cells is generated by the induction of the immediate skin epithelium, a process triggered by the arrival of neural precursors during sensory organ formation in medaka.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reactivation of a developmental Bmp2 signaling center is required for therapeutic control of the murine periosteal niche

    Valerie S Salazar et al.
    A periosteal Bmp2 signaling center couples bone length to bone width during development and must be reactivated by clinical bone anabolic therapies to reduce fracture risk and accelerate fracture repair.
    1. Plant Biology

    An oomycete effector subverts host vesicle trafficking to channel starvation-induced autophagy to the pathogen interface

    Pooja Pandey et al.
    A pathogen effector mimics starvation-induced autophagy by subverting host endomembrane trafficking to stimulate biogenesis of autophagosomes around pathogen feeding sites, revealing how pathogens interlock distinct host compartments to facilitate infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Telophase correction refines division orientation in stratified epithelia

    Kendall J Lough et al.
    Telophase reorientation corrects errors in spindle orientation that persist after imprecise initial spindle positioning during early mitosis, and contributes to balancing self-renewal with differentiation during epidermal development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis for the hijacking of endosomal sorting nexin proteins by Chlamydia trachomatis

    Blessy Paul et al.
    Chlamydia hijacks membrane trafficking proteins of the human host via the cytoplasmic domain of a secreted transmembrane protein.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inflammation-induced IgE promotes epithelial hyperplasia and tumour growth

    Mark David Hayes et al.
    Natural IgE supports epithelial cell growth and differentiation in healthy skin, but during chronic tissue inflammation, IgE drives tumour outgrowth of epithelial cells harbouring oncogenic mutations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Estrogen exacerbates mammary involution through neutrophil-dependent and -independent mechanism

    Chew Leng Lim et al.
    Estrogen aggravates mammary involution through lysosome-mediated cell death, neutrophil recruitment via CXCR2 signalling, neutrophil-mediated inflammation and adipocyte repopulation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cells repurpose proliferation to contain a breach in their niche barrier

    Kenneth Lay et al.
    Adult stem cells sense nearby tissue damage and recruit immune cells to help them direct efforts towards containing a breach in the epithelial barrier.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Cancer Biology

    miR-34a is a microRNA safeguard for Citrobacter-induced inflammatory colon oncogenesis

    Lihua Wang et al.
    miR-34a prevents inflammation-induced colonic regeneration from oncogenesis by simultaneously targeting processes in both immune and epithelial cells, including T helper 17 cell differentiation, recruitment, and IL-17 induced epithelial proliferation.

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