205 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Manipulating midbrain dopamine neurons and reward-related behaviors with light-controllable nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

    Romain Durand-de Cuttoli et al.
    In vivo deconstruction of reward-related behaviors with circuit and pharmacological specificity using designer, light-controllable nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of herbivore-induced early defense signaling was shaped by genome-wide duplications in Nicotiana

    Wenwu Zhou et al.
    Comparative transcriptomic analysis reveals the molecular basis and evolution of herbivore-associated early defense signaling in Nicotiana.
    1. Neuroscience

    Translational control of nicotine-evoked synaptic potentiation in mice and neuronal responses in human smokers by eIF2α

    Andon N Placzek et al.
    An evolutionarily conserved mechanism involving translational control by p-eIF2α underlies vulnerability to nicotine addiction.
    1. Neuroscience

    An essential role of acetylcholine-glutamate synergy at habenular synapses in nicotine dependence

    Silke Frahm et al.
    Local elimination of acetylcholine synthesis in habenular neurons demonstrates a key role for vesicular synergy and neurotransmitter co-release in nicotine dependence.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cytokinin transfer by a free-living mirid to Nicotiana attenuata recapitulates a strategy of endophytic insects

    Christoph Brütting et al.
    Cytokinin-dependent manipulation of plant metabolism is a strategy employed not only by gallers and leaf-miners but also by a free-living insect, Tupiocoris notatus, which directly transfers cytokinins at feeding sites to manipulate its host plant.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Paternal nicotine exposure alters hepatic xenobiotic metabolism in offspring

    Markus P Vallaster et al.
    A novel paternal effect based on nicotine exposure reveals that offspring exhibit an adaptive, yet nonspecific, resistance to multiple toxins.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant defense phenotypes determine the consequences of volatile emission for individuals and neighbors

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    Both the frequency of sesquiterpene-emitting individuals and the defense capacity of individual plants determine the consequences of sesquiterpene volatile emission for individuals and their neighbors in populations of the wild tobacco Nicotiana attenuata.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Structural insights into the molecular mechanisms of myasthenia gravis and their therapeutic implications

    Kaori Noridomi et al.
    Autoantibodies from myasthenia gravis patients bind a common core region on the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor through a largely conserved mechanism.

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