24 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thioredoxin-1 distinctly promotes NF-κB target DNA binding and NLRP3 inflammasome activation independently of Txnip

    Jonathan Muri et al.
    The thioredoxin-1 (Trx1) system promotes inflammation by positively regulating both NLRP3 inflammasome responses, by detoxifying excessive ROS independently of Txnip and NF-κB binding to target DNA.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Disruption of glycolytic flux is a signal for inflammasome signaling and pyroptotic cell death

    Laura E Sanman et al.
    A signal for inflammatory cell death is induced by the disruption of cellular metabolism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Different CFTR modulator combinations downregulate inflammation differently in cystic fibrosis

    Heledd H Jarosz-Griffiths et al.
    CFTR modulators have potent innate anti-inflammatory properties that can be measured in clinic, both ex vivo and in vitro, which can be used to predict treatment efficacy.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic complementation of genetic immunodeficiency by chronic herpesvirus infection

    Donna A MacDuff et al.
    HOIL-1 deficiency in mice results in a severe immunodeficiency that is effectively complemented by chronic infection with a murine gamma-herpesvirus.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Re-evaluation of neuronal P2X7 expression using novel mouse models and a P2X7-specific nanobody

    Karina Kaczmarek-Hajek et al.
    A novel BAC transgenic mouse model reveals glial restriction of P2X7 expression in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    AXL receptor tyrosine kinase is required for T cell priming and antiviral immunity

    Edward T Schmid et al.
    AXL enables the priming of the antiviral adaptive immune response by limiting the production of type I interferons in dendritic cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reciprocal virulence and resistance polymorphism in the relationship between Toxoplasma gondii and the house mouse

    Jingtao Lilue et al.
    Mechanisms that enable wild mice to survive infection with strains of the Toxoplasma gondii parasite virulent enough to kill laboratory mice offer an explanation for how these parasites have been able to persist in the mouse population.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A type I IFN-dependent DNA damage response regulates the genetic program and inflammasome activation in macrophages

    Abigail J Morales et al.
    Activated macrophages initiate a robust DNA damage response that depends on type I IFN and regulates their genetic program and inflammasome activation, establishing a mechanistic link between DNA damage responses and innate immunity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apoptotic neurodegeneration in whitefly promotes the spread of TYLCV

    Shifan Wang et al.
    A plant virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, manipulates the host preference of the vector insect whitefly to promote its transmission by inducing caspase-dependent apoptotic neurodegeneration in vector's brain.

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