3,278 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A long non-coding RNA targets microRNA miR-34a to regulate colon cancer stem cell asymmetric division

    Lihua Wang et al.
    A novel long non-coding RNA targets microRNA miR-34a for epigenetic silencing and initiates asymmetric division of colon cancer stem cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A long non-coding RNA is required for targeting centromeric protein A to the human centromere

    Delphine Quénet, Yamini Dalal
    A non-coding RNA-based targeting mechanism could potentially epigenetically maintain specialized chromatin structures, such as the centromere, in vivo.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Long non-coding RNAs as a source of new peptides

    Jorge Ruiz-Orera et al.
    Ribosome profiling data from several eukaryotic species provides strong evidence that many long non-coding RNA molecules encode novel short proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulatory consequences of neuronal ELAV-like protein binding to coding and non-coding RNAs in human brain

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Neuronal ELAV-like (nELAVL) proteins are associated with non-coding Y RNAs in stressed neurons and in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients, suggesting a new means of regulatory protein sequestration and mRNA target regulation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Long non-coding RNA produced by RNA polymerase V determines boundaries of heterochromatin

    Gudrun Böhmdorfer et al.
    Genome-wide identification of long non-coding RNAs produced by RNA Polymerase V identifies their role in heterochromatin maintenance on the boundaries of repressed regions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    p50-associated COX-2 extragenic RNA (PACER) activates COX-2 gene expression by occluding repressive NF-κB complexes

    Michal Krawczyk, Beverly M Emerson
    A long non-coding RNA removes the transcriptional repressor p50 to regulate recruitment of co-activator p300 and RNA Polymerase II complexes to activate the COX-2 gene in human mammary epithelial cells and macrophages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Consistent global structures of complex RNA states through multidimensional chemical mapping

    Clarence Yu Cheng et al.
    A multidimensional chemical mapping strategy enables confident determination of the structures of non-coding RNAs at 1-nm resolution, including previously intractable riboswitch and human regulon states.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Fast turnover of genome transcription across evolutionary time exposes entire non-coding DNA to de novo gene emergence

    Rafik Neme, Diethard Tautz
    Deep sequencing of transcriptomes from closely related taxa shows that the whole genome can become subject to evolutionary testing within a short time frame via de novo evolution of genes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The long non-coding RNA Dali is an epigenetic regulator of neural differentiation

    Vladislava Chalei et al.
    Dali regulates transcription of the Pou3f3 locus locally and binds and regulates active promoters in trans by modulating DNA methylation status.

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