259 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of diversity in metabolic strategies

    Rodrigo Caetano et al.
    Analytical and numerical analyses reveal that the number of coexisting species exceeds the number of resource only for the structurally unstable case of linear tradeoff.
    1. Neuroscience

    Confidence predicts speed-accuracy tradeoff for subsequent decisions

    Kobe Desender et al.
    Neural coding of previous-trial confidence affects current decision policy.
    1. Ecology

    Linking spatial self-organization to community assembly and biodiversity

    Bidesh K Bera et al.
    A trait-based model of dryland vegetation uncovers the roles of spatial self-organization in maintaining biodiversity in a changing climate and offers novel ways of managing ecosystems at risk.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Environmental fluctuations reshape an unexpected diversity-disturbance relationship in a microbial community

    Christopher P Mancuso et al.
    Laboratory experiments using a microbial community and mathematical modeling reveal how environmental disturbances can predictably alter the diversity and composition of an ecosystem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual projection neurons in the Drosophila lobula link feature detection to distinct behavioral programs

    Ming Wu et al.
    Neurons called lobula columnar cells help fruit flies respond appropriately to specific visual cues, such as those signaling an approaching predator.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cholinergic feedback circuit to regulate striatal population uncertainty and optimize reinforcement learning

    Nicholas T Franklin, Michael J Frank
    Computational modeling suggests that feedback between striatal cholinergic neurons and spiny neurons dynamically adjusts learning rates to optimize behavior in a variable world.
    1. Ecology

    Widespread variation in heat tolerance and symbiont load are associated with growth tradeoffs in the coral Acropora hyacinthus in Palau

    Brendan Cornwell et al.
    Bleaching-resistant corals are widespread across Palau and concentrated in warmer regions, but this trait is associated with decreased growth which could lead to reduced fitness if it is the only priority of conservation efforts.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Optimal evolutionary decision-making to store immune memory

    Oskar H Schnaack, Armita Nourmohammad
    Actively regulated immune memory differentiation, with a preference for cross-reactive receptors with moderate affinity against pathogens as opposed to high-affinity receptors, confers a long-term benefit to the host.
    1. Neuroscience

    A flexible framework for simulating and fitting generalized drift-diffusion models

    Maxwell Shinn et al.
    Sophisticated decision-making mechanisms and complex experimental paradigms can be modeled, simulated, and fit to empirical response time data, using a flexible and efficient computational modeling framework.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of Yin and Yang isoforms of a chromatin remodeling subunit precedes the creation of two genes

    Wen Xu et al.
    Gene sharing through different isoforms can precede the formation of independent genes.

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