14 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantifying the contribution of Plasmodium falciparum malaria to febrile illness amongst African children

    Ursula Dalrymple et al.
    Fevers amongst African children are often assumed to be caused by a malaria infection, but here it is estimated that the majority of fevers amongst African children, including those with a patent malaria infection, are due to infections with diseases other than malaria.
    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A micro-epidemiological analysis of febrile malaria in Coastal Kenya showing hotspots within hotspots

    Philip Bejon et al.
    Malaria 'hotspots' can be identified that range in size from a few homesteads to a village, and it will be necessary to eliminate hotspots at varying scales as we progress towards eliminating malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling the contribution of the hypnozoite reservoir to Plasmodium vivax transmission

    Michael T White et al.
    Mathematical models of the build-up and depletion of the hypnozoite reservoir in the liver can inform the design of treatment strategies for preventing Plasmodium vivax relapse infections.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A elaborate distinct systemic metabolite signatures during enteric fever

    Elin Näsström et al.
    Metabolite analysis of plasma from enteric fever patients define signals of organism specific host–pathogen interactions and provides opportunities for new diagnostics.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The complex relationship of exposure to new Plasmodium infections and incidence of clinical malaria in Papua New Guinea

    Natalie E Hofmann et al.
    Under sustained malaria control in PNG, the incidence of distinct blood-stage infections quantifies heterogeneity in transmission, significantly predicting risk of both P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria episodes at a population and individual scale.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantification of anti-parasite and anti-disease immunity to malaria as a function of age and exposure

    Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer et al.
    Analyses of detailed clinical and entomological data from cohort studies reveal how anti-parasite and anti-disease immunity against P. falciparum develop as a function of age and transmission intensity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Vitamin A supplements, routine immunization, and the subsequent risk of Plasmodium infection among children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa

    Maria-Graciela Hollm-Delgado et al.
    An analysis of national survey data shows that vitamin A might protect against malaria infection, an effect potentially modified by seasonality, and that no routine vaccinations were linked to parasitemia, though BCG vaccination was associated with PfHRP-2 antigenemia.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence of human infection by a new mammarenavirus endemic to Southeastern Asia

    Kim R Blasdell et al.
    New mammarenaviruses have been identified from rodents in Cambodia and Thailand, and the Cardamones variant of Wēnzhōu virus has been found in Cambodian patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms.

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